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Evidence for a magnetic neutron star in high-mass X-ray binary 4U 2206+54 with INTEGRAL/IBIS observations
Wang, Wei
2009-09-21
Source PublicationMONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
Volume398Issue:3Pages:1428-1434
AbstractThe hard X-ray source 4U 2206+54 is a peculiar high-mass X-ray binary with a main-sequence donor star. Recent X-ray observations suggested that the compact object in 4U 2206+54 may be a neutron star. The X-ray emission comes from the accretion of stellar winds from the massive donor star, and variability of its luminosity may be due to changes in its orbital phase. To reveal further the nature of the compact object, we studied 4U 2206+54 with INTErnational Gamma-Ray Astrophysics Laboratory (INTEGRAL)/IBIS observations over two years, and found that for most of this time 4U 2206+54 was in a quiescent state, sometimes undergoing an active phase. In the quiescent state the spectrum can be fitted by a power-law model of Gamma similar to 2.1 with a hard X-ray luminosity of similar to 5 x 1034 erg s-1 (20-100 keV). While the source is in the active state, the 20-100 keV hard X-ray luminosity reaches similar to 2 x 1035 erg s-1 and the spectrum is fitted by a thermal bremsstrahlung model of kT similar to 43 keV plus two cyclotron absorption lines at similar to 30 and 60 keV. We then derived a magnetic field of 3.3 x 10(12)G for the compact object in 4U 2206+54. During the active state, we found a pulsation period of similar to 5400 s in the light curve of 4U 2206+54. The compact object in 4U 2206+54 should therefore be a magnetic neutron star with slow pulsation. The detection of cyclotron absorption lines in the active state and their non-detection in the quiescent state suggested that the two different accretion states have possible different hard X-ray emission regions: the surface of the neutron star in the active state and the magnetic-accretion pressure equivalent point in the quiescent state. Re-analysis of the RXTE/ASM light curve found modulation periods at similar to 9.56 and 19.11 d, and the orbital period of 4U 2206+54 should be 19.11 d.
KeywordMagnetic Fields Binaries: Close Stars: Individual: 4u 2206+54 Stars: Neutron X-rays: Binaries
DOI10.1111/j.1365-2966.2009.15200.x
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000269731500032
Citation statistics
Cited Times:16[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/8983
Collection光学天文研究部
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Wei. Evidence for a magnetic neutron star in high-mass X-ray binary 4U 2206+54 with INTEGRAL/IBIS observations[J]. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,2009,398(3):1428-1434.
APA Wang, Wei.(2009).Evidence for a magnetic neutron star in high-mass X-ray binary 4U 2206+54 with INTEGRAL/IBIS observations.MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,398(3),1428-1434.
MLA Wang, Wei."Evidence for a magnetic neutron star in high-mass X-ray binary 4U 2206+54 with INTEGRAL/IBIS observations".MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 398.3(2009):1428-1434.
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