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Chandra study of X-ray point sources in the early-type galaxy NGC 4552 (M89)
Xu, YH; Xu, HG; Zhang, ZL; Kundu, A; Wang, Y; Wu, XP
2005-10-01
发表期刊ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
卷号631期号:2页码:809-819
摘要We present a Chandra ACIS study of the early-type galaxy NGC 4552. We detect 47 X-ray point sources, most of which are likely low-mass X-ray binaries (LMXBs), within four effective radii ( Re). The brightest X-ray source coincides with the optical, UV, and radio center of the galaxy and shows variability on > 1 hr timescales, indicating the possible existence of a low-luminosity active galactic nucleus (AGN). The 46 off-center sources and the unresolved point sources contribute about 29% and 20% to the total luminosity of the galaxy, respectively. We find that after correcting for the incompleteness at the low-luminosity end, the observed cumulative X-ray luminosity function (XLF) of the off-center sources is best fitted by a broken power-law model with a break at Lb 4.4(-1.4)(+2.0) x 10(38) ergs s(-1). We identified 210 globular cluster ( GC) candidates in a HST WFPC2 optical image of the galaxy's central region. Of the 25 off-center LMXBs that fall within the WFPC2 field of view, 10 sources are coincident with a GC. Thus, the fraction of the GCs hosting bright LMXBs and the fraction of the LMXBs associated with GCs are 4.8% and 40%, respectively. In the V and I bands, the GCs hosting bright LMXBs are typically 1-2 mag brighter than the GCs with no detected LMXBs. There are about 1.9 +/- 0.4 times as many LMXBs in the red, metal-rich GCs as there are in the blue, metal- poor ones. We find no obvious difference between the luminosity distributions of LMXBs in GCs and in the field, but the cumulative spectrum of the LMXBs in GCs tends to be softer than that of the LMXBs in field. We detected three X-ray sources that have isotropic luminosities larger than 1039 ergs s(-1). Only one of these is located in the joint Chandra-HST field and is found to be associated with a GC. By studying its ACIS spectra we infer that the this may be a candidate black hole system with a mass of 15-135 M-circle dot. One of the other sources with a luminosity brighter than 1039 ergs s(-1) reveals temporal variations in brightness on timescales greater than 1 hr.
关键词Binaries : Close Galaxies : Individual (Ngc 4552 ( M89)) Galaxies : Elliptical And Lenticular X-rays : Binaries Cd X-rays : Galaxies X-rays : Stars
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000232365300013
引用统计
被引频次:32[WOS]   [WOS记录]     [WOS相关记录]
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/8955
专题星系宇宙学研究部
作者单位1.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Dept Phys, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
3.Michigan State Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, E Lansing, MI 48824 USA
4.Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
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Xu, YH,Xu, HG,Zhang, ZL,et al. Chandra study of X-ray point sources in the early-type galaxy NGC 4552 (M89)[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2005,631(2):809-819.
APA Xu, YH,Xu, HG,Zhang, ZL,Kundu, A,Wang, Y,&Wu, XP.(2005).Chandra study of X-ray point sources in the early-type galaxy NGC 4552 (M89).ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,631(2),809-819.
MLA Xu, YH,et al."Chandra study of X-ray point sources in the early-type galaxy NGC 4552 (M89)".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 631.2(2005):809-819.
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