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Observational accuracy of sunrise and sunset times in the sixth century China
Li, Yong
2006
Source PublicationCHINESE JOURNAL OF ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS
Volume6Issue:5Pages:629-634
AbstractThe Daye Calendar was compiled in AD 597 in the Sui Dynasty. We investigate the records of sunrise and sunset times on the 24 solar-term days in the calendar. By converting the ancient Chinese time units, Chen, Ke and Fen to hour, minute and second, and carrying out a comparison between the ancient records and values computed with modem astronomical theory, we find that the accuracy of solar measurements in the Sui period is remarkably high: for sunrise times, the average absolute deviation is 3.63 min (this value can be further reduced to 3.03 min when erroneous data are excluded), and for sunset times it is 3.48 min. We also find that the observed sunrise and sunset times are strictly symmetrically distributed with respect to both the Winter Solstice and the Summer Solstice, with their deviations showing a similar symmetrical distribution as well. We give a discussion on the date of observation, the feature of the data, and possible reasons of the deviation.
KeywordHistory Of Astronomy Astrometry Solar-terrestrial Relations Methods : Statistical
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000241487800016
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/8940
Collection应用天文研究部
AffiliationChinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li, Yong. Observational accuracy of sunrise and sunset times in the sixth century China[J]. CHINESE JOURNAL OF ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS,2006,6(5):629-634.
APA Li, Yong.(2006).Observational accuracy of sunrise and sunset times in the sixth century China.CHINESE JOURNAL OF ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS,6(5),629-634.
MLA Li, Yong."Observational accuracy of sunrise and sunset times in the sixth century China".CHINESE JOURNAL OF ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS 6.5(2006):629-634.
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