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Optical Sky Brightness and Transparency during the Winter Season at Dome A Antarctica from the Gattini-All-Sky Camera
Yang, Yi1,2; Moore, Anna M.3; Krisciunas, Kevin1; Wang, Lifan1,4,5; Ashley, Michael C. B.6; Fu, Jianning2; Brown, Peter J.1; Cui, Xiangqun4,7; Feng, Long-Long4,5; Gong, Xuefei4,7; Hu, Zhongwen4,7; Lawrence, Jon S.8; Luong-Van, Daniel6; Riddle, Reed L.9; Shang, Zhaohui4,10; Sims, Geoff6; Storey, John W. V.6; Suntzeff, Nicholas B.1; Tothill, Nick11; Travouillon, Tony9; Yang, Huigen4,12; Yang, Ji4,5; Zhou, Xu4,13; Zhu, Zhenxi4,5
2017-07-01
Source PublicationASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL
Volume154Issue:1
AbstractThe summit of the Antarctic plateau, Dome A, is proving to be an excellent site for optical, near-infrared, and terahertz astronomical observations. Gattini is a wide-field camera installed on the PLATO instrument module as part of the Chinese-led traverse to Dome A in 2009 January. We present here the measurements of sky brightness with the Gattini ultra-large field of view (90 degrees X 90 degrees) in the photometric B-, V-, and R-bands; cloud cover statistics measured during the 2009 winter season; and an estimate of the sky transparency. A cumulative probability distribution indicates that the darkest 10% of the nights at Dome A have sky brightness of S-B = 22.98, S-V = 21.86, and S-R = 21.68 mag arcsec(-2). These values were obtained during the year 2009 with minimum aurora, and they are comparable to the faintest sky brightness at Maunakea and the best sites of northern Chile. Since every filter includes strong auroral lines that effectively contaminate the sky brightness measurements, for instruments working around the auroral lines, either with custom filters or with high spectral resolution instruments, these values could be easily obtained on a more routine basis. In addition, we present example light curves for bright targets to emphasize the unprecedented observational window function available from this ground-based site. These light curves will be published in a future paper.
SubtypeArticle
KeywordMethods: Data Analysis Methods: Statistical Site Testing Techniques: Photometric Telescopes
WOS HeadingsScience & Technology ; Physical Sciences
Funding OrganizationChinese PANDA International Polar Year project ; Chinese PANDA International Polar Year project ; Polar Research Institute of China ; Polar Research Institute of China ; National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs(ANT 0836571 ; National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs(ANT 0836571 ; Strategic Priority Research Program "The Emergence of Cosmological Structures" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB09000000) ; Strategic Priority Research Program "The Emergence of Cosmological Structures" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB09000000) ; Joint Fund of Astronomy of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Joint Fund of Astronomy of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(U1231202) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(U1231202) ; NSFC(11673003) ; NSFC(11673003) ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB845700 ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB845700 ; LAMOST Fellowship ; LAMOST Fellowship ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Antarctic Division ; Australian Antarctic Division ; University of New South Wales ; University of New South Wales ; ANT 0909664 ; ANT 0909664 ; 2013CB834900) ; 2013CB834900) ; ANT 1043282) ; ANT 1043282) ; Chinese PANDA International Polar Year project ; Chinese PANDA International Polar Year project ; Polar Research Institute of China ; Polar Research Institute of China ; National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs(ANT 0836571 ; National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs(ANT 0836571 ; Strategic Priority Research Program "The Emergence of Cosmological Structures" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB09000000) ; Strategic Priority Research Program "The Emergence of Cosmological Structures" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB09000000) ; Joint Fund of Astronomy of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Joint Fund of Astronomy of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(U1231202) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(U1231202) ; NSFC(11673003) ; NSFC(11673003) ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB845700 ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB845700 ; LAMOST Fellowship ; LAMOST Fellowship ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Antarctic Division ; Australian Antarctic Division ; University of New South Wales ; University of New South Wales ; ANT 0909664 ; ANT 0909664 ; 2013CB834900) ; 2013CB834900) ; ANT 1043282) ; ANT 1043282)
DOI10.3847/1538-3881/aa73dc
WOS KeywordMEDIUM INTENSITY AURORA ; SINGLE-STAR SCIDAR ; CSTAR PHOTOMETRY ; SURFACE-LAYER ; SOUTH-POLE ; QUANTITATIVE SPECTROSCOPY ; LIGHT POLLUTION ; VARIABLE-STARS ; MAUNA-KEA ; SITE
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
Funding OrganizationChinese PANDA International Polar Year project ; Chinese PANDA International Polar Year project ; Polar Research Institute of China ; Polar Research Institute of China ; National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs(ANT 0836571 ; National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs(ANT 0836571 ; Strategic Priority Research Program "The Emergence of Cosmological Structures" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB09000000) ; Strategic Priority Research Program "The Emergence of Cosmological Structures" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB09000000) ; Joint Fund of Astronomy of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Joint Fund of Astronomy of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(U1231202) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(U1231202) ; NSFC(11673003) ; NSFC(11673003) ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB845700 ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB845700 ; LAMOST Fellowship ; LAMOST Fellowship ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Antarctic Division ; Australian Antarctic Division ; University of New South Wales ; University of New South Wales ; ANT 0909664 ; ANT 0909664 ; 2013CB834900) ; 2013CB834900) ; ANT 1043282) ; ANT 1043282) ; Chinese PANDA International Polar Year project ; Chinese PANDA International Polar Year project ; Polar Research Institute of China ; Polar Research Institute of China ; National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs(ANT 0836571 ; National Science Foundation Office of Polar Programs(ANT 0836571 ; Strategic Priority Research Program "The Emergence of Cosmological Structures" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB09000000) ; Strategic Priority Research Program "The Emergence of Cosmological Structures" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences(XDB09000000) ; Joint Fund of Astronomy of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Joint Fund of Astronomy of the National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(U1231202) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences(U1231202) ; NSFC(11673003) ; NSFC(11673003) ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB845700 ; National Basic Research Program of China (973 Program)(2014CB845700 ; LAMOST Fellowship ; LAMOST Fellowship ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Antarctic Division ; Australian Antarctic Division ; University of New South Wales ; University of New South Wales ; ANT 0909664 ; ANT 0909664 ; 2013CB834900) ; 2013CB834900) ; ANT 1043282) ; ANT 1043282)
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000403478000001
Citation statistics
Cited Times:5[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/8838
Collection光学天文研究部
Affiliation1.Texas A&M Univ, George P & Cynthia Woods Mitchell Inst Fundamenta, Dept Phys & Astron, 4242 TAMU, College Stn, TX 77843 USA
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.Australian Natl Univ, Res Sch Astron & Astrophys, Canberra, ACT 2611, Australia
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Chinese Ctr Antarct Astron, Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
6.Univ New South Wales, Sch Phys, Sydney, NSW 2052, Australia
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Astron Opt & Technol, Natl Astron Observ, Nanjing 210042, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
8.Australian Astron Observ, Sydney, NSW 2113, Australia
9.CALTECH, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
10.Tianjin Normal Univ, Tianjin Astrophys Ctr, Tianjin 300387, Peoples R China
11.Univ Western Sydney, Sch Comp Engn & Math, Penrith, NSW 2751, Australia
12.Polar Res Inst China, Shanghai 200136, Peoples R China
13.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Yi,Moore, Anna M.,Krisciunas, Kevin,et al. Optical Sky Brightness and Transparency during the Winter Season at Dome A Antarctica from the Gattini-All-Sky Camera[J]. ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL,2017,154(1).
APA Yang, Yi.,Moore, Anna M..,Krisciunas, Kevin.,Wang, Lifan.,Ashley, Michael C. B..,...&Zhu, Zhenxi.(2017).Optical Sky Brightness and Transparency during the Winter Season at Dome A Antarctica from the Gattini-All-Sky Camera.ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL,154(1).
MLA Yang, Yi,et al."Optical Sky Brightness and Transparency during the Winter Season at Dome A Antarctica from the Gattini-All-Sky Camera".ASTRONOMICAL JOURNAL 154.1(2017).
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