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Kinetic equilibrium of iron in the atmospheres of cool dwarf stars - II. Weak FeI lines in the solar spectrum
Gehren, T; Korn, AJ; Shi, J
2001-12-01
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
Volume380Issue:2Pages:645-664
AbstractNLTE line formation calculations of Fe I in the solar atmosphere are extended to include weak lines in the visual spectrum of the Sun. Previously established atomic models are used to discriminate between different ways of treating collisional interaction processes. As indicated by the analysis of strong Fe I lines, the influence of deviations from LTE in the solar atmosphere on the Fe abundance is small for all lines. To derive a common solar Fe I abundance from both strong and weak lines fine-tuning of the microturbulence velocity parameter and the van der Waals damping constants is required. The solar Fe I abundances based on all available f-values are dominated by the large scatter already found for the stronger lines. In particular the bulk of the data from the work of May et al. and O'Brian et al. is not adequate for accurate abundance work. Based on f-values measured by the Hannover and Oxford groups alone, the Fe I LTE abundances are log epsilon (Fe I, circle dot) = 7.57 for the empirical and log epsilon (Fe I, circle dot) = 7.48...7.51 for the line-blanketed solar model. The solar Fe ionization equilibrium obtained for different atomic and atmospheric models rules out NLTE atomic models with a low efficiency of hydrogen collisions. At variance with Paper I, it is now in better agreement with laboratory Fe ii f-values for all types of line-blanketed models. Our final model assumptions consistent with a single unique solar Fe abundance log epsilon (Fe, circle dot) similar to 7.48...7.51 calculated from NLTE line formation are (a) a line-blanketed solar model atmosphere, (b) an iron model atom with hydrogen collision rates 0.5 < S-H < 5 times the standard value to compensate for the large photoionization cross-sections, (c) a microturbulence velocity xi (t) = 1.0 km s(-1), (d) van der Waals damping parameters decreased by Delta log C-6 = -0.10...0.15 as compared to Anstee & O'Mara's calculations, depending on S-H, (e)Fe II f-values as published by Schnabel et al., and (f) Fe I f-values published by the Hannover and Oxford groups.
KeywordLine : Formation Line : Profiles Sun : Photosphere Sun : Abundances
DOI10.1051/0004-6361:20011479
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000172620600027
Citation statistics
Cited Times:38[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/8618
Collection光学天文研究部
Affiliation1.Univ Munich, Inst Astron & Astrophys, D-8000 Munich, Germany
2.Univ Sternwarte, D-81679 Munich, Germany
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gehren, T,Korn, AJ,Shi, J. Kinetic equilibrium of iron in the atmospheres of cool dwarf stars - II. Weak FeI lines in the solar spectrum[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2001,380(2):645-664.
APA Gehren, T,Korn, AJ,&Shi, J.(2001).Kinetic equilibrium of iron in the atmospheres of cool dwarf stars - II. Weak FeI lines in the solar spectrum.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,380(2),645-664.
MLA Gehren, T,et al."Kinetic equilibrium of iron in the atmospheres of cool dwarf stars - II. Weak FeI lines in the solar spectrum".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 380.2(2001):645-664.
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