NAOC Open IR
Rapid Flood Mapping and Evaluation with a Supervised Classifier and Change Detection in Shouguang Using Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2 Optical Data
Huang, Minmin1,2; Jin, Shuanggen1,2,3
2020-07-01
Source PublicationREMOTE SENSING
Volume12Issue:13Pages:19
AbstractRapid flood mapping is crucial in hazard evaluation and forecasting, especially in the early stage of hazards. Synthetic aperture radar (SAR) images are able to penetrate clouds and heavy rainfall, which is of special importance for flood mapping. However, change detection is a key part and the threshold selection is very complex in flood mapping with SAR. In this paper, a novel approach is proposed to rapidly map flood regions and estimate the flood degree, avoiding the critical step of thresholding. It converts the change detection of thresholds to land cover backscatter classifications. Sentinel-1 SAR images are used to get the land cover backscatter classifications with the help of Sentinel-2 optical images using a supervised classifier. A pixel-based change detection is used for change detection. Backscatter characteristics and variation rules of different ground objects are essential prior knowledge for flood analysis. SAR image classifications of pre-flood and flooding periods both take the same input to make sense of the change detection between them. This method avoids the inaccuracy caused by a single threshold. A case study in Shouguang is tested by this new method, which is compared with the flood map extracted by Otsu thresholding and normalized difference water index (NDWI) methods. The results show that our approach can identify the flood beneath vegetation well. Moreover, all required data and data processing are simple, so it can be popularized in rapid flooding mapping in early disaster relief.
Keywordflood extent SAR change detection backscatter characteristics supervised classifier
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project
DOI10.3390/rs12132073
WOS KeywordRIVER-BASIN
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDA23040100] ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST[2243141801036] ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project[R2018T20]
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program Project of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Startup Foundation for Introducing Talent of NUIST ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project ; Jiangsu Province Distinguished Professor Project
WOS Research AreaRemote Sensing
WOS SubjectRemote Sensing
WOS IDWOS:000550584500001
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/82728
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorJin, Shuanggen
Affiliation1.Nanjing Univ Informat Sci & Technol, Sch Remote Sensing & Geomat Engn, Nanjing 210044, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Jiangsu Engn Ctr Collaborat Nav Positioning & Sma, Nanjing 210044, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Huang, Minmin,Jin, Shuanggen. Rapid Flood Mapping and Evaluation with a Supervised Classifier and Change Detection in Shouguang Using Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2 Optical Data[J]. REMOTE SENSING,2020,12(13):19.
APA Huang, Minmin,&Jin, Shuanggen.(2020).Rapid Flood Mapping and Evaluation with a Supervised Classifier and Change Detection in Shouguang Using Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2 Optical Data.REMOTE SENSING,12(13),19.
MLA Huang, Minmin,et al."Rapid Flood Mapping and Evaluation with a Supervised Classifier and Change Detection in Shouguang Using Sentinel-1 SAR and Sentinel-2 Optical Data".REMOTE SENSING 12.13(2020):19.
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