NAOC Open IR
BSE versus StarTrack: Implementations of new wind, remnant-formation, and natal-kick schemes in NBODY7 and their astrophysical consequences
Banerjee, S.1,2; Belczynski, K.3; Fryer, C. L.4; Berczik, P.5,6,7,8; Hurley, J. R.9; Spurzem, R.5,6,7,10; Wang, L.11,12
2020-07-07
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
ISSN0004-6361
Volume639Pages:22
AbstractContext. As a result of their formation via massive single and binary stellar evolution, the masses of stellar-remnant black holes (BH) are subjects of great interest in this era of gravitational-wave detection from binary black hole (BBH) and binary neutron star merger events.Aims. In this work, we present new developments in the stellar-remnant formation and related schemes of the current N-body evolution program NBODY7. We demonstrate that the newly implemented stellar-wind and remnant-formation schemes in the stellar-evolutionary sector or BSE of the NBODY7 code, such as the "rapid" and the "delayed" supernova (SN) schemes along with an implementation of pulsational-pair-instability and pair-instability supernova (PPSN/PSN), now produce neutron star (NS) and BH masses that agree nearly perfectly, over large ranges of zero-age-main-sequence (ZAMS) mass and metallicity, with those from the widely recognised StarTrack population-synthesis program. We also demonstrate the new, recipe-based implementations of various widely debated mechanisms of natal kicks on NSs and BHs, such as "convection-asymmetry-driven", "collapse-asymmetry-driven", and "neutrino-emission-driven" kicks, in addition to a fully consistent implementation of the standard, fallback-dependent, momentum-conserving natal kick.Methods. All the above newly implemented schemes are also shared with the standalone versions of SSE and BSE. All these demonstrations are performed with both the updated standalone BSE and the updated NBODY7/BSE.Results. When convolved with stellar and primordial-binary populations as observed in young massive clusters, such remnant-formation and natal-kick mechanisms crucially determine the accumulated number, mass, and mass distribution of the BHs retained in young massive, open, and globular clusters (GCs); these BHs would eventually become available for long-term dynamical processing.Conclusions. Among other conclusions, we find that although the newer, delayed SN remnant formation model gives birth to the largest number (mass) of BHs, the older remnant-formation schemes cause the largest number (mass) of BHs to survive in clusters, when incorporating SN material fallback onto the BHs. The SN material fallback also causes the convection-asymmetry-driven SN kick to effectively retain similar numbers and masses of BHs in clusters as for the standard, momentum-conserving kick. The collapse-asymmetry-driven SN kick would cause nearly all BHs to be retained in clusters irrespective of their mass, remnant-formation model, and metallicity, whereas the inference of a large population of BHs in GCs would potentially rule out the neutrino-driven SN kick mechanism. Pre-SN mergers of massive primordial binaries would potentially cause BH masses to deviate from the theoretical, single-star ZAMS to mass-remnant mass relation unless a substantial of the total merging stellar mass of up to approximate to 40% is lost during a merger process. In particular, such mergers, at low metallicities, have the potential to produce low-spinning BHs within the PSN mass gap that can be retained in a stellar cluster and be available for subsequent dynamical interactions. As recent studies indicate, the new remnant-formation modelling reassures us that young massive and open clusters would potentially contribute to the dynamical BBH merger detection rate to a similar extent as their more massive GC counterparts.
Keywordstars: black holes stars: massive stars: mass-loss stars: kinematics and dynamics supernovae: general methods: numerical
Funding OrganizationDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; NAS of Ukraine ; NAS of Ukraine ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; JSPS ; CAMK ; CAMK ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; NAS of Ukraine ; NAS of Ukraine ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; JSPS ; CAMK ; CAMK ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; NAS of Ukraine ; NAS of Ukraine ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; JSPS ; CAMK ; CAMK ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; NAS of Ukraine ; NAS of Ukraine ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; JSPS ; CAMK ; CAMK
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/201935332
WOS KeywordMASS BLACK-HOLES ; COMPACT OBJECT FORMATION ; GRAVITATIONAL-WAVE GENERATION ; STAR CLUSTER SIMULATIONS ; MOCCA-SURVEY DATABASE ; OPEN STELLAR CLUSTERS ; GALACTIC DISTRIBUTION ; POPULATION SYNTHESIS ; BINARY EVOLUTION ; CORE-COLLAPSE
Language英语
Funding ProjectDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation)[BA 4281/6-1] ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN)[2018/30/A/ST9/00050] ; Los Alamos National Laboratory[20190021DR] ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation)[138713538 -SFB 881] ; Volkswagen Foundation[90411] ; Volkswagen Foundation[97778] ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland[393] ; NAS of Ukraine[CPCEL 6541230] ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC)[11673032] ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB23040100] ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; CAMK
Funding OrganizationDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; NAS of Ukraine ; NAS of Ukraine ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; JSPS ; CAMK ; CAMK ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; NAS of Ukraine ; NAS of Ukraine ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; JSPS ; CAMK ; CAMK ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; NAS of Ukraine ; NAS of Ukraine ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; JSPS ; CAMK ; CAMK ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG; German Research Foundation) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Argelander-Institut fur Astronomie (AIfA) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Los Alamos National Laboratory ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; Center of Information and Computing of NAOC ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; International Space Science Institute, Bern, Switzerland ; NAS of Ukraine ; NAS of Ukraine ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Silk Road Project at the National Astronomical Observatories (NAOC), Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program (Pilot B) "Multi-wavelength gravitational wave universe" of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Visitor Program of Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; Alexander von Humboldt Foundation ; JSPS ; JSPS ; CAMK ; CAMK
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000550675400001
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/82600
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorBanerjee, S.
Affiliation1.Helmholtz Inst Strahlen & Kernphys, Nussallee 14-16, D-53115 Bonn, Germany
2.Argelander Inst Astron, Hugel 71, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
3.Polish Acad Sci, Nicolaus Copernicus Astron Ctr, Ul Bartycka 18, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland
4.Los Alamos Natl Lab, Ctr Theoret Astrophys, POB 1663, Los Alamos, NM 87545 USA
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, 20A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Computat Astrophys, 20A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
7.Heidelberg Univ, Zentrum Astron, Astron Rechen Inst, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
8.Natl Acad Sci Ukraine, Main Astron Observ, 27 Akad Zabolotnoho St, UA-03143 Kiev, Ukraine
9.Swinburne Univ Technol, Hawthorn, Vic 3122, Australia
10.Peking Univ, Kavli Inst Astron & Astrophys, 5 Yi He Yuan Rd, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
11.Univ Tokyo, Sch Sci, Dept Astron, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan
12.RIKEN, Ctr Computat Sci, Chuo Ku, 7-1-26 Minatojima Minami Machi, Kobe, Hyogo 6500047, Japan
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Banerjee, S.,Belczynski, K.,Fryer, C. L.,et al. BSE versus StarTrack: Implementations of new wind, remnant-formation, and natal-kick schemes in NBODY7 and their astrophysical consequences[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2020,639:22.
APA Banerjee, S..,Belczynski, K..,Fryer, C. L..,Berczik, P..,Hurley, J. R..,...&Wang, L..(2020).BSE versus StarTrack: Implementations of new wind, remnant-formation, and natal-kick schemes in NBODY7 and their astrophysical consequences.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,639,22.
MLA Banerjee, S.,et al."BSE versus StarTrack: Implementations of new wind, remnant-formation, and natal-kick schemes in NBODY7 and their astrophysical consequences".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 639(2020):22.
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