NAOC Open IR
Verification of Radiative Transfer Schemes for the EHT
Gold, Roman1,2,3; Broderick, Avery E.3,4,5; Younsi, Ziri2,6; Fromm, Christian M.2; Gammie, Charles F.7,8; Moscibrodzka, Monika9; Pu, Hung-Yi3; Bronzwaer, Thomas9; Davelaar, Jordy9; Dexter, Jason10,11; Ball, David12,13; Chan, Chi-kwan12,13,14; Kawashima, Tomohisa15; Mizuno, Yosuke2; Ripperda, Bart16,17; Akiyama, Kazunori15,18,19,20; Alberdi, Antxon21; Alef, Walter22; Asada, Keiichi23; Azulay, Rebecca22,24,25; Baczko, Anne-Kathrin22; Balokovic, Mislav20,26; Barrett, John19; Bintley, Dan27; Blackburn, Lindy20,26; Boland, Wilfred28,29; Bouman, Katherine L.20,26,30; Bower, Geoffrey C.31; Bremer, Michael32; Brinkerink, Christiaan D.9; Brissenden, Roger20,26; Britzen, Silke22; Broguiere, Dominique32; Byun, Young33,34; Carlstrom, John E.35,36,37,38; Chael, Andrew39; Chatterjee, Koushik40; Chatterjee, Shami41; Chen, Ming-Tang31; Chen, Yongjun42,43; Cho, Ilje33,34; Christian, Pierre12,13,26; Conway, John E.44; Cordes, James M.41; Crew, Geoffrey B.19; Cui, Yuzhu45,46; De Laurentis, Mariafelicia2,47,48; Deane, Roger49,50; Dempsey, Jessica27; Desvignes, Gregory22,51; Doeleman, Sheperd S.20,26; Eatough, RalpP22; Falcke, Heino9; Fish, Vincent L.19; Fomalont, Ed18; Fraga-Encinas, Raquel9; Freeman, Bill52,53; Friberg, Per27; Gomez, Jose L.21; Galison, Peter20,54,55; Garcia, Roberto32; Gentaz, Olivier32; Georgiev, Boris4,5; Goddi, Ciriaco9,56; Gu, Minfeng42,57; Gurwell, Mark26; Hada, Kazuhiro45,46; Hecht, Michael H.19; Hesper, Ronald58; Ho, Luis C.59,60; Ho, Paul23; Honma, Mareki45,46; Huang, Chih-Wei L.23; Huang, Lei42,57; Hughes, David H.61; Inoue, Makoto23; Issaoun, Sara9; James, David J.20,26; Jannuzi, Buell T.12,13; Janssen, Michael9; Jeter, Britton4; Jiang, Wu42; Jimenez-Rosales, Alejandra62; Johnson, Michael D.20,26; Jorstad, Svetlana63,64; Jung, Taehyun33,34; Karami, Mansour3,65; Karuppusamy, Ramesh22; Keating, Garrett K.26; Kettenis, Mark66; Kim, Jae-Young22; Kim, Junhan12,13,30; Kim, Jongsoo33; Kino, Motoki15,67; Koay, Jun Yi23; Koch, Patrick M.23; Koyama, Shoko23; Kramer, Michael22; Kramer, Carsten32; Krichbaum, Thomas P.22; Kuo, Cheng-Yu68; Lauer, Tod R.69; Lee, Sang-Sung33; Li, Yan-Rong70; Li, Zhiyuan71,72; Lico, Rocco22; Lindqvist, Michael44; Liu, Kuo22; Liuzzo, Elisabetta73; Lo, Wen-Ping23,74; Lobanov, Andrei P.22; Loinard, Laurent75,76; Lonsdale, Colin19; Lu, Ru-Sen22,42,43; MacDonald, Nicholas R.22; Markoff, Sera77,78; Mao, Jirong79,80,81; Marrone, Daniel P.12,13; Marscher, Alan P.63; Marti-Vidal, Ivan82,83; Matsushita, Satoki23; Matthews, Lynn D.19; Medeiros, Lia12,13,84; Menten, Karl M.22; Mizuno, Izumi27; Moran, James M.20,26; Moriyama, Kotaro45; Muller, Cornelia9,22; Nagai, Hiroshi85,86; Nakamura, Masanori23; Nagar, Neil M.87; Narayan, Ramesh20,26; Narayanan, Gopal88; Natarajan, Iniyan50; Neri, Roberto32; Ni, Chunchong4; Noutsos, Aristeidis22; Okino, Hiroki45,89; Ortiz-Leon, Gisela N.22; Oyama, Tomoaki45; Ozel, Feryal12,13; Palumbo, Daniel C. M.20,26; Park, Jongho23; Patel, Nimesh26; Pen, Ue-Li3,90,91,92; Pesce, Dominic W.20,26; Plambeck, Richard93; Pietu, Vincent32; PopStefanija, Aleksandar88; Porth, Oliver2,40; Preciado-Lopez, Jorge A.3; Psaltis, Dimitrios12,13; Ramakrishnan, Venkatessh87; Rao, Ramprasad31; Rawlings, Mark G.27; Raymond, Alexander W.20,26; Rezzolla, Luciano2,94; Roelofs, Freek9; Rogers, Alan19; Ros, Eduardo22; Rose, Mel12,13; Roshanineshat, Arash12,13; Rottmann, Helge22; Roy, Alan L.22; Ruszczyk, Chet19; Rygl, Kazi L. J.73; Sanchez, Salvador95; Sanchez-Arguelles, David61,96; Sasada, Mahito45,97; Savolainen, Tuomas22,98,99; Schuster, Karl-Friedrich32; Schloerb, F. Peter88; Shao, Lijing22,60; Shen, Zhiqiang42,43; Small, Des66; Sohn, Bong Won33,34,100; SooHoo, Jason19; Tiede, Paul3,4; Tazaki, Fumie45; Tilanus, Remo P. J.9,56,101; Titus, Michael19; Toma, Kenji102,103; Torne, Pablo22,95; Trent, Tyler12,13; Traianou, Thalia22; Trippe, Sascha104; Tsuda, Shuichiro105; van Langevelde, Huib Jan66,106; van Bemmel, Ilse66; van Rossum, Daniel R.9; Wagner, Jan22; Wardle, John107; Wex, Norbert22; Weintroub, Jonathan20,26; Wharton, Robert22; Wielgus, Maciek20,26; Wong, George N.8,108; Wu, Qingwen109; Yoon, Doosoo40; Young, Ken26; Young, Andre9; Yuan, Feng42,57,110; Yuan, Ye-Fei111; Zensus, J. Anton22; Zhao, Guangyao33; Zhao, Shan-Shan42; Zhu, Ziyan55
2020-07-01
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
ISSN0004-637X
Volume897Issue:2Pages:21
AbstractThe Event Horizon Telescope (EHT) Collaboration has recently produced the first resolved images of the central supermassive black hole in the giant elliptical galaxy M87. Here we report on tests of the consistency and accuracy of the general relativistic radiative transfer codes used within the collaboration to model M87* and Sgr A*. We compare and evaluate (1) deflection angles for equatorial null geodesics in a Kerr spacetime; (2) images calculated from a series of simple, parameterized matter distributions in the Kerr metric using simplified emissivities and absorptivities; (3) for a subset of codes, images calculated from general relativistic magnetohydrodynamics simulations using different realistic synchrotron emissivities and absorptivities; (4) observables for the 2017 configuration of EHT, including visibility amplitudes and closure phases. The error in total flux is of order 1% when the codes are run with production numerical parameters. The dominant source of discrepancies for small camera distances is the location and detailed setup of the software "camera" that each code uses to produce synthetic images. We find that when numerical parameters are suitably chosen and the camera is sufficiently far away the images converge and that for given transfer coefficients, numerical uncertainties are unlikely to limit parameter estimation for the current generation of EHT observations. The purpose of this paper is to describe a verification and comparison of EHT radiative transfer codes. It is not to verify EHT models more generally.
Keywordblack hole physics High energy astrophysics Radiative transfer Relativity General relativity Relativistic disks Very long baseline interferometry Radio astronomy Event horizons
Funding OrganizationAcademy of Finland ; Academy of Finland ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Research Council ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation ; Russian Science Foundation ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra ; Chandra ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; NSF ; NSF ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; Kavli Foundation ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; Academy of Finland ; Academy of Finland ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Research Council ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation ; Russian Science Foundation ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra ; Chandra ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; NSF ; NSF ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; Kavli Foundation ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; Academy of Finland ; Academy of Finland ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Research Council ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation ; Russian Science Foundation ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra ; Chandra ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; NSF ; NSF ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; Kavli Foundation ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; Academy of Finland ; Academy of Finland ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Research Council ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation ; Russian Science Foundation ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra ; Chandra ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; NSF ; NSF ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; Kavli Foundation ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
DOI10.3847/1538-4357/ab96c6
WOS KeywordCOVARIANT MAGNETOIONIC THEORY ; SGR A-ASTERISK ; ACCRETION ; EMISSION ; SIMULATIONS ; ELECTRONS ; LINES ; JETS ; CODE
Language英语
Funding ProjectAcademy of Finland[274477] ; Academy of Finland[284495] ; Academy of Finland[312496] ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action[731016] ; John Templeton Foundation[60477] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile)[PIA ACT172033] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile)[BASAL AFB-170002] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile)[ALMA-conicyt 31140007] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[104497] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[275201] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[279006] ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico)[281692] ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM)[IN112417] ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes"[610058] ; Generalitat Valenciana[APOSTD/2018/177] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-3561] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF-5278] ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation[GBMF 947] ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS)[JP17J08829] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SLH057] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[QYZDJ-SSW-SYS008] ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS)[ZDBS-LY-SLH011] ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18KK0090] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K13594] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18K03656] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[JP18H03721] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18K03709] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[18H01245] ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI[25120007] ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[105-2112-M-001-025-MY3] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2112-M-001-011] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[106-2119-M-001-027] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001-017] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-001020] ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan[107-2119-M-110-005] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute)[80NSSC17K0649] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute)[HSTHF2-51431.001-A] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400704] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2016YFA0400702] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0096454] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0352953] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0521233] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0705062] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0905844] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-0922984] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1126433] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1140030] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[DGE-1144085] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207704] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207730] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1207752] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[MRI-1228509] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[OPP-1248097] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1310896] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1312651] ; National Science Foundation (NSF)[AST-1337663] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11573051] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11633006] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11650110427] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[10625314] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11721303] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11725312] ; Natural Science Foundation of China[11933007] ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea[NRF-2015H1A2A1033752] ; National Research Foundation of Korea[2015-R1D1A1A01056807] ; National Research Foundation of Korea[NRF-2015H1D3A1066561] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award[639.043.513] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize[SPI 78-409] ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council[2017-00648] ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation[17-12-01029] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2015-63939-C2-1-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad[AYA2016-80889-P] ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa"[SEV-2017-0709] ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE[89233218CNA000001] ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA[CUP C52I13000140001] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program[730562 RadioNet] ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra[TM6-17006X] ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana)[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; NSF[ACI-1548562] ; NSF[DBI-0735191] ; NSF[DBI1265383] ; NSF[DBI-1743442] ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China[2017YFA0402700] ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation[PLR-1248097] ; NSF Physics Frontier Center[PHY-1125897] ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute[HST-HF2-51431.001-A] ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program[CIDEGENT/2018/021] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects)[1171506] ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects)[3190878] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)[NAS5-26555] ; [AST-1440254] ; [AST-1555365] ; [AST-1715061] ; [AST-1615796] ; [AST-1716327] ; [OISE-1743747] ; [AST-1816420]
Funding OrganizationAcademy of Finland ; Academy of Finland ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Research Council ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation ; Russian Science Foundation ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra ; Chandra ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; NSF ; NSF ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; Kavli Foundation ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; Academy of Finland ; Academy of Finland ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Research Council ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation ; Russian Science Foundation ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra ; Chandra ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; NSF ; NSF ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; Kavli Foundation ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; Academy of Finland ; Academy of Finland ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Research Council ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation ; Russian Science Foundation ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra ; Chandra ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; NSF ; NSF ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; Kavli Foundation ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; Academy of Finland ; Academy of Finland ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; European Commission Framework Programme Horizon 2020 Research and Innovation action ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Consejo Nacional de Ciencia y Tecnologia (CONACYT, Mexico) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; Direccion General de Asuntos del Personal Academico-Universidad Nacional Autonoma de Mexico (DGAPA-UNAM) ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; European Research Council Synergy Grant "BlackHoleCam: Imaging the Event Horizon of Black Holes" ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Generalitat Valenciana ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Jansky Fellowship program of the National Radio Astronomy Observatory (NRAO) ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japanese Government (Monbukagakusho: MEXT) Scholarship ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Japan Society for the Promotion of Science (JSPS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Key Research Program of Frontier Sciences, Chinese Academy of Sciences (CAS) ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust Early Career Research Fellowship ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MEXT/JSPS KAKENHI ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; MIT International Science and Technology Initiatives (MISTI) Funds ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; Ministry of Science and Technology (MOST) of Taiwan ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Fermi Guest Investigator grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA, Hubble Fellowship grant - Space Telescope Science Institute) ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; National Science Foundation (NSF) ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Science Foundation of China ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada (NSERC Alexander Graham Bell Canada Graduate Scholarships-Doctoral Program) ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; National Research Foundation of Korea ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI award ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) Spinoza Prize ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; New Scientific Frontiers with Precision Radio Interferometry Fellowship - South African Radio Astronomy Observatory (SARAO) ; Swedish Research Council ; Swedish Research Council ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Government of Canada through the Department of Innovation, Science and Economic Development ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Province of Ontario through the Ministry of Research, Innovation and Science ; Russian Science Foundation ; Russian Science Foundation ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; State Agency for Research of the Spanish MCIU through the "Center of Excellence Severo Ochoa" ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; National Nuclear Security Administration of the USDOE ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; Italian Ministero dell'Istruzione Universita e Ricerca through the grant Progetti Premiali 2012-iALMA ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; ALMA North America Development Fund ; Chandra ; Chandra ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; GenT Program (Generalitat Valenciana) ; NSF ; NSF ; Compute Ontario ; Compute Ontario ; Calcul Quebec ; Calcul Quebec ; Compute Canada ; Compute Canada ; Smithsonian Institution ; Smithsonian Institution ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; Science and Technologies Facility Council (UK) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; CNRS (Centre National de la Recherche Scientifique, France) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; MPG (Max-PlanckGesellschaft, Germany) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; IGN (Instituto Geografico Nacional, Spain) ; State of Arizona ; State of Arizona ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; NSF Physics Frontier Center ; Kavli Foundation ; Kavli Foundation ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; Princeton/Flatiron Postdoctoral Prize Fellowship ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; NASA through the NASA Hubble Fellowship - Space Telescope Science Institute ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Generalitat Valenciana GenT Program ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; Comision Nacional de Investigacion Cientifica y Tecnologica (CONICYT, Chile, via Fondecyt projects) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA) ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000552696800001
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/82538
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorGold, Roman
Affiliation1.Univ Southern Denmark, CP3 Origins,Campusvej 55, DK-5230 Odense M, Denmark
2.Goethe Univ Frankfurt, Inst Theoret Phys, Max von Laue Str 1, D-60438 Frankfurt, Germany
3.Perimeter Inst Theoret Phys, 31 Caroline St North, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
4.Univ Waterloo, Dept Phys & Astron, 200 Univ Ave West, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
5.Univ Waterloo, Waterloo Ctr Astrophys, Waterloo, ON N2L 3G1, Canada
6.Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Dorking RH5 6NT, Surrey, England
7.Univ Illinois, Dept Astron, Urbana, IL 61801 USA
8.Univ Illinois, Dept Phys, 1110 West Green St, Urbana, IL 61801 USA
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48.Compl Univ Monte S Angelo, Sez Napoli, Ist Nazl Fis Nucl, Edificio G,Via Cinthia, I-80126 Naples, Italy
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50.Rhodes Univ, Ctr Radio Astron Tech & Technol, Dept Phys & Elect, ZA-6140 Grahamstown, South Africa
51.Univ Paris, Sorbonne Univ, CNRS, LESIA,Observ Paris,Univ PSL, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France
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Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Gold, Roman,Broderick, Avery E.,Younsi, Ziri,et al. Verification of Radiative Transfer Schemes for the EHT[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2020,897(2):21.
APA Gold, Roman.,Broderick, Avery E..,Younsi, Ziri.,Fromm, Christian M..,Gammie, Charles F..,...&Zhu, Ziyan.(2020).Verification of Radiative Transfer Schemes for the EHT.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,897(2),21.
MLA Gold, Roman,et al."Verification of Radiative Transfer Schemes for the EHT".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 897.2(2020):21.
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