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Constraints from Gravitational-wave Detections of Binary Black Hole Mergers on the C-12(alpha, gamma)O-16 Rate
Farmer, R.1,2,3; Renzo, M.4; de Mink, S. E.1,2,3; Fishbach, M.5; Justham, S.1,2,6,7
2020-10-01
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS
ISSN2041-8205
Volume902Issue:2Pages:14
AbstractGravitational-wave detections are starting to allow us to probe the physical processes in the evolution of very massive stars through the imprints they leave on their final remnants. Stellar evolution theory predicts the existence of a gap in the black hole mass distribution at high mass due to the effects of pair instability. Previously, we showed that the location of the gap is robust against model uncertainties, but it does depend sensitively on the uncertain C-12(alpha, gamma)O-16 rate. This rate is of great astrophysical significance and governs the production of oxygen at the expense of carbon. We use the open-source MESA stellar evolution code to evolve massive helium stars to probe the location of the mass gap. We find that the maximum black hole mass below the gap varies between 40 M-circle dot and 90 M-circle dot, depending on the strength of the uncertain 12C(alpha, gamma)O-16 reaction rate. With the first 10 gravitational-wave detections of black holes, we constrain the astrophysical S-factor for 12C(alpha, gamma)O-16, at 300 keV, to S-300 > 175 keV b at 68% confidence. With O(50) detected binary black hole mergers, we expect to constrain the S-factor to within +/- 10-30 keV b. We also highlight a role for independent constraints from electromagnetic transient surveys. The unambiguous detection of pulsational pair-instability supernovae would imply that S-300 > 79 keV b. Degeneracies with other model uncertainties need to be investigated further, but probing nuclear stellar astrophysics poses a promising science case for the future gravitational-wave detectors.
KeywordStellar evolution Supernovae Core-collapse supernovae Nuclear astrophysics Stellar mass black holes Astrophysical black holes Massive stars Late stellar evolution
Funding OrganizationNetherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; SURF Cooperative ; SURF Cooperative ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; SURF Cooperative ; SURF Cooperative ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; SURF Cooperative ; SURF Cooperative ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; SURF Cooperative ; SURF Cooperative
DOI10.3847/2041-8213/abbadd
WOS KeywordEQUATION-OF-STATE ; PULSATIONAL PAIR INSTABILITY ; CORE-COLLAPSE SUPERNOVAE ; ROTATING MASSIVE STARS ; WEAK INTERACTION RATES ; FAILED SUPERNOVAE ; WHITE-DWARFS ; NEUTRON-STAR ; EVOLUTION ; NUCLEOSYNTHESIS
Language英语
Funding ProjectNetherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)[639.042.728] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO)[614.001.501] ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC)[715063] ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC[CA16117] ; SURF Cooperative
Funding OrganizationNetherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; SURF Cooperative ; SURF Cooperative ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; SURF Cooperative ; SURF Cooperative ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; SURF Cooperative ; SURF Cooperative ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; European Union's Horizon 2020 research and innovation program from the European Research Council (ERC) ; John Templeton Foundation ; John Templeton Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Gordon and Betty Moore Foundation ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; Cost Action Program ChETEC ; SURF Cooperative ; SURF Cooperative
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000579654500001
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/81895
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorFarmer, R.
Affiliation1.Univ Amsterdam, Astron Inst Anton Pannekoek, NL-1090 GE Amsterdam, Netherlands
2.Univ Amsterdam, GRAPPA, NL-1090 GE Amsterdam, Netherlands
3.Harvard & Smithsonian, Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
4.Flatiron Inst, Ctr Computat Astrophys, New York, NY 10010 USA
5.Univ Chicago, Dept Astron & Astrophys, Chicago, IL 60637 USA
6.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Astron & Space Sci, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
7.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Farmer, R.,Renzo, M.,de Mink, S. E.,et al. Constraints from Gravitational-wave Detections of Binary Black Hole Mergers on the C-12(alpha, gamma)O-16 Rate[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,2020,902(2):14.
APA Farmer, R.,Renzo, M.,de Mink, S. E.,Fishbach, M.,&Justham, S..(2020).Constraints from Gravitational-wave Detections of Binary Black Hole Mergers on the C-12(alpha, gamma)O-16 Rate.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS,902(2),14.
MLA Farmer, R.,et al."Constraints from Gravitational-wave Detections of Binary Black Hole Mergers on the C-12(alpha, gamma)O-16 Rate".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL LETTERS 902.2(2020):14.
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