NAOC Open IR
Multimessenger Gravitational-wave Searches with Pulsar Timing Arrays: Application to 3C 66B Using the NANOGrav 11-year Data Set
Arzoumanian, Zaven1; Baker, Paul T.2; Brazier, Adam3,4; Brook, Paul R.5,6; Burke-Spolaor, Sarah5,6; Becsy, Bence7; Charisi, Maria8; Chatterjee, Shami3,4; Cordes, James M.3,4; Cornish, Neil J.7; Crawford, Fronefield9; Cromartie, H. Thankful10; Crowter, Kathryn11; DeCesar, Megan E.12; Demorest, Paul B.13; Dolch, Timothy14; Elliott, Rodney D.15; Ellis, Justin A.16; Ferdman, Robert D.17; Ferrara, Elizabeth C.18; Fonseca, Emmanuel19; Garver-Daniels, Nathan5,6; Gentile, Peter A.5,6; Good, Deborah C.11; Hazboun, Jeffrey S.20; Islo, Kristina21; Jennings, Ross J.3,4; Jones, Megan L.21; Kaiser, Andrew R.5,6; Kaplan, David L.21; Kelley, Luke Zoltan22; Key, Joey Shapiro20; Lam, Michael T.23,24; W. Lazio, T. Joseph8,25; Levin, Lina26; Luo, Jing27; Lynch, Ryan S.28; Madison, Dustin R.5,6; McLaughlin, Maura A.5,6; Mingarelli, Chiara M. F.29,30; Ng, Cherry31; Nice, David J.12; Pennucci, Timothy T.32,33; Pol, Nihan S.5,6; Ransom, Scott M.32; Ray, Paul S.34; Shapiro-Albert, Brent J.5,6; Siemens, Xavier21,35; Simon, Joseph8,25; Spiewak, Renee36; Stairs, Ingrid H.11; Stinebring, Daniel R.37; Stovall, Kevin13; Swiggum, Joseph K.12; Taylor, Stephen R.38; Vallisneri, Michele8,25; Vigeland, Sarah J.21; Witt, Caitlin A.4,5,6; Zhu, Weiwei39
2020-09-01
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
ISSN0004-637X
Volume900Issue:2Pages:11
AbstractWhen galaxies merge, the supermassive black holes in their centers may form binaries and emit low-frequency gravitational radiation in the process. In this paper, we consider the galaxy 3C 66B, which was used as the target of the first multimessenger search for gravitational waves. Due to the observed periodicities present in the photometric and astrometric data of the source, it has been theorized to contain a supermassive black hole binary. Its apparent 1.05-year orbital period would place the gravitational-wave emission directly in the pulsar timing band. Since the first pulsar timing array study of 3C 66B, revised models of the source have been published, and timing array sensitivities and techniques have improved dramatically. With these advances, we further constrain the chirp mass of the potential supermassive black hole binary in 3C 66B to less than (1.65 0.02) x 10(9) Musing data from the NANOGrav 11-year data set. This upper limit provides a factor of 1.6 improvement over previous limits and a factor of 4.3 over the first search done. Nevertheless, the most recent orbital model for the source is still consistent with our limit from pulsar timing array data. In addition, we are able to quantify the improvement made by the inclusion of source properties gleaned from electromagnetic data over "blind" pulsar timing array searches. With these methods, it is apparent that it is not necessary to obtain exact a priori knowledge of the period of a binary to gain meaningful astrophysical inferences.
KeywordGravitational waves Pulsars Astronomy data analysis Active galactic nuclei
Funding OrganizationNSF ; NSF ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; WVU ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSERC ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; Chief of Naval Research ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation ; Simons Foundation ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; WVU ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSERC ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; Chief of Naval Research ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation ; Simons Foundation ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; WVU ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSERC ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; Chief of Naval Research ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation ; Simons Foundation ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; WVU ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSERC ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; Chief of Naval Research ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation ; Simons Foundation
DOI10.3847/1538-4357/ababa1
WOS KeywordBLACK-HOLE
Language英语
Funding ProjectNSF[1458952] ; NSF[1815664] ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award[1430284] ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative[1003907] ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; National Science Foundation[1726534] ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship[PF4-150120] ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation
Funding OrganizationNSF ; NSF ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; WVU ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSERC ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; Chief of Naval Research ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation ; Simons Foundation ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; WVU ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSERC ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; Chief of Naval Research ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation ; Simons Foundation ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; WVU ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSERC ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; Chief of Naval Research ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation ; Simons Foundation ; NSF ; NSF ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; NSF Physics Frontier Center award ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; West Virginia University through the Outstanding Merit Fellowship for Continuing Doctoral Students ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; National Science Foundation EPSCoR Research Infrastructure Improvement Cooperative ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; state of West Virginia (WVEPSCoR via the Higher Education Policy Commission) ; WVU ; WVU ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; NSERC ; NSERC ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; Canadian Institute for Advanced Research ; JPL RTD program ; JPL RTD program ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA Postdoctoral Program at JPL ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; NASA through Einstein Fellowship ; Chief of Naval Research ; Chief of Naval Research ; Simons Foundation ; Simons Foundation
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000570645400001
PublisherIOP PUBLISHING LTD
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/81375
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorWitt, Caitlin A.
Affiliation1.NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Xray AstroPhys Lab, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA
2.Widener Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, 1 Univ Pl, Chester, PA 19013 USA
3.Cornell Univ, Cornell Ctr Astrophys & Planetary Sci, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
4.Cornell Univ, Dept Astron, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
5.West Virginia Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, POB 6315, Morgantown, WV 26506 USA
6.West Virginia Univ, Ctr Gravitat Waves & Cosmol, Chestnut Ridge Res Bldg, Morgantown, WV 26505 USA
7.Montana State Univ, Dept Phys, Bozeman, MT 59717 USA
8.CALTECH, Theoret AstroPhys Including Relat TAPIR, MC 350-17, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
9.Franklin & Marshall Coll, Dept Phys & Astron, POB 3003, Lancaster, PA 17604 USA
10.Univ Virginia, Dept Astron, POB 400325, Charlottesville, VA 22904 USA
11.Univ British Columbia, Dept Phys & Astron, 6224 Agr Rd, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
12.Lafayette Coll, Dept Phys, Easton, PA 18042 USA
13.Natl Radio Astron Observ, 1003 Lopezville Rd, Socorro, NM 87801 USA
14.Hillsdale Coll, Dept Phys, 33 East Coll St, Hillsdale, MI 49242 USA
15.Univ Colorado Boulder, Dept Astrophys & Planetary Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
16.Infinia ML, 202 Rigsbee Ave, Durham, NC 27701 USA
17.Univ East Anglia, Sch Chem, Norwich NR4 7TJ, Norfolk, England
18.NASA Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA
19.McGill Univ, Dept Phys, 3600 Univ St, Montreal, PQ H3A 2T8, Canada
20.Univ Washington Bothell, 18115 Campus Way NE, Bothell, WA 98011 USA
21.Univ Wisconsin, Dept Phys, Ctr Gravitat Cosmol & Astrophys, POB 413, Milwaukee, WI 53201 USA
22.Northwestern Univ, CIERA, Evanston, IL 60208 USA
23.Rochester Inst Technol, Sch Phys & Astron, Rochester, NY 14623 USA
24.Rochester Inst Technol, Lab Multiwavelength Astron, Rochester, NY 14623 USA
25.CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, 4800 Oak Grove Dr, Pasadena, CA 91109 USA
26.Univ Manchester, Jodrell Bank Ctr Astrophys, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England
27.Univ Toronto, Dept Astron & Astrophys, 50 St George St, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
28.Green Bank Observ, POB 2, Green Bank, WV 24944 USA
29.Flatiron Inst, Ctr Computat AstroPhys, 162 5th Ave, New York, NY 10010 USA
30.Univ Connecticut, Dept Phys, 196 Auditorium Rd,U-3046, Storrs, CT 06269 USA
31.Univ Toronto, Dunlap Inst Astron & Astrophys, 50 St George St, Toronto, ON M5S 3H4, Canada
32.Natl Radio Astron Observ, 520 Edgemont Rd, Charlottesville, VA 22903 USA
33.Eotv Lorand Univ, Inst Phys, Pazmany Ps 1-A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
34.Naval Res Lab, Space Sci Div, Washington, DC 20375 USA
35.Oregon State Univ, Dept Phys, Corvallis, OR 97331 USA
36.Swinburne Univ Technol, Ctr Astrophys & Supercomp, POB 218, Hawthorn, Vic 3122, Australia
37.Oberlin Coll, Dept Phys & Astron, Oberlin, OH 44074 USA
38.Vanderbilt Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, 2301 Vanderbilt Pl, Nashville, TN 37235 USA
39.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, 20A Datun Rd, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Arzoumanian, Zaven,Baker, Paul T.,Brazier, Adam,et al. Multimessenger Gravitational-wave Searches with Pulsar Timing Arrays: Application to 3C 66B Using the NANOGrav 11-year Data Set[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2020,900(2):11.
APA Arzoumanian, Zaven.,Baker, Paul T..,Brazier, Adam.,Brook, Paul R..,Burke-Spolaor, Sarah.,...&Zhu, Weiwei.(2020).Multimessenger Gravitational-wave Searches with Pulsar Timing Arrays: Application to 3C 66B Using the NANOGrav 11-year Data Set.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,900(2),11.
MLA Arzoumanian, Zaven,et al."Multimessenger Gravitational-wave Searches with Pulsar Timing Arrays: Application to 3C 66B Using the NANOGrav 11-year Data Set".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 900.2(2020):11.
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