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Holocene Millennial-Scale Solar Variability and the Climatic Responses on Earth
Zhao, Xinhua1,2,3,4; Soon, Willie5; Velasco Herrera, Victor M.6
2021-02-01
Source PublicationUNIVERSE
Volume7Issue:2Pages:11
AbstractThe solar impact on Earth's climate is both a rich and open-ended topic with intense debates. In this study, we use the reconstructed data available to investigate periodicities of solar variability (i.e., variations of sunspot numbers) and temperature changes (10 sites spread all over the Earth) as well as the statistical inter-relations between them on the millennial scale during the past 8640 years (BC 6755-AD 1885) before the modern industrial era. We find that the variations of the Earth's temperatures show evidence for the Eddy cycle component, i.e., the 1000-year cyclicity, which was discovered in variations of sunspot numbers and believed to be an intrinsic periodicity of solar variability. Further wavelet time-frequency analysis demonstrates that the co-variation between the millennium cycle components of solar variability and the temperature change held stable and statistically strong for five out of these 10 sites during our study interval. In addition, the Earth's climatic response to solar forcing could be different region-by-region, and the temperatures in the southern hemisphere seemed to have an opposite changing trend compared to those in the northern hemisphere on this millennial scale. These findings reveal not only a pronounced but also a complex relationship between solar variability and climatic change on Earth on the millennial timescale. More data are needed to further verify these preliminary results in the future.
Keywordsolar variability climate change periodicity wavelet coherence
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions
DOI10.3390/universe7020036
Language英语
Funding ProjectStrategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB 41000000] ; NSFC[41531073] ; NSFC[41731067] ; NSFC[41861164026] ; NSFC[41874202] ; NSFC[41474153] ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences[2016133] ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions
Funding OrganizationStrategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Youth Innovation Promotion Association of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; collaborating research program (CRP) of CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity NAO ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions ; Chinese Academy of Sciences Research Fund for Key Development Directions
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics ; Physics, Particles & Fields
WOS IDWOS:000623292200001
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/79400
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorZhao, Xinhua
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, State Key Lab Space Weather, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
2.Yading Space Weather Sci Ctr, Ganzi 627750, Sichuan, Peoples R China
3.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Natl Astron Observ, CAS Key Lab Solar Act, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
5.Ctr Environm Res & Earth Sci CERES, Salem, MA 01970 USA
6.Univ Nacl Autonoma Mexico, Inst Geofis, Mexico City 04510, DF, Mexico
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhao, Xinhua,Soon, Willie,Velasco Herrera, Victor M.. Holocene Millennial-Scale Solar Variability and the Climatic Responses on Earth[J]. UNIVERSE,2021,7(2):11.
APA Zhao, Xinhua,Soon, Willie,&Velasco Herrera, Victor M..(2021).Holocene Millennial-Scale Solar Variability and the Climatic Responses on Earth.UNIVERSE,7(2),11.
MLA Zhao, Xinhua,et al."Holocene Millennial-Scale Solar Variability and the Climatic Responses on Earth".UNIVERSE 7.2(2021):11.
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