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TRIGONOMETRIC PARALLAXES OF MASSIVE STAR-FORMING REGIONS. VI. GALACTIC STRUCTURE, FUNDAMENTAL PARAMETERS, AND NONCIRCULAR MOTIONS
Reid, M. J.1; Menten, K. M.2; Zheng, X. W.3; Brunthaler, A.2; Moscadelli, L.4; Xu, Y.2,5; Zhang, B.3; Sato, M.1,6; Honma, M.6; Hirota, T.6; Hachisuka, K.7; Choi, Y. K.2; Moellenbrock, G. A.8; Bartkiewicz, A.9
2009-07-20
Source PublicationASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL
Volume700Issue:1Pages:137-148
AbstractWe are using the Very Long Baseline Array and the Japanese VLBI Exploration of Radio Astronomy project to measure trigonometric parallaxes and proper motions of masers found in high-mass star-forming regions across the Milky Way. Early results from 18 sources locate several spiral arms. The Perseus spiral arm has a pitch angle of 16 degrees +/- 3 degrees, which favors four rather than two spiral arms for the Galaxy. Combining positions, distances, proper motions, and radial velocities yields complete three-dimensional kinematic information. We find that star-forming regions on average are orbiting the Galaxy approximate to 15 km s(-1) slower than expected for circular orbits. By fitting the measurements to a model of the Galaxy, we estimate the distance to the Galactic center R(0) = 8.4 +/- 0.6 kpc and a circular rotation speed Theta(0) = 254 +/- 16 km s(-1). The ratio Theta(0)/R(0) can be determined to higher accuracy than either parameter individually, and we find it to be 30.3 +/- 0.9 km s(-1) kpc(-1), in good agreement with the angular rotation rate determined from the proper motion of Sgr A*. The data favor a rotation curve for the Galaxy that is nearly flat or slightly rising with Galactocentric distance. Kinematic distances are generally too large, sometimes by factors greater than 2; they can be brought into better agreement with the trigonometric parallaxes by increasing Theta(0)/R(0) from the IAU recommended value of 25.9 km s(-1) kpc(-1) to a value near 30 km s(-1) kpc(-1). We offer a "revised" prescription for calculating kinematic distances and their uncertainties, as well as a new approach for defining Galactic coordinates. Finally, our estimates of Theta(0) and Theta(0)/R(0), when coupled with direct estimates of R(0), provide evidence that the rotation curve of the Milky Way is similar to that of the Andromeda galaxy, suggesting that the dark matter halos of these two dominant Local Group galaxy are comparably massive.
KeywordAstrometry Galaxy: Fundamental Parameters Galaxy: Halo Galaxy: Kinematics And Dynamics Galaxy: Structure Stars: Formation
DOI10.1088/0004-637X/700/1/137
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000267768900012
Citation statistics
Cited Times:664[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/7937
Collection太阳物理研究部
Affiliation1.Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
2.Max Planck Inst Radioastron, D-53121 Bonn, Germany
3.Nanjing Univ, Dept Astron, Nanjing 210093, Peoples R China
4.Arcetri Observ, Florence, Italy
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Purple Mt Observ, Nanjing 210008, Peoples R China
6.Natl Astron Observ, VERA Project, Tokyo 1818588, Japan
7.Shanghai Astron Observ, Shanghai, Peoples R China
8.Natl Radio Astron Observ, Socorro, NM 87801 USA
9.Nicholas Copernicus Univ, Torun Ctr Astron, PL-87100 Torun, Poland
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Reid, M. J.,Menten, K. M.,Zheng, X. W.,et al. TRIGONOMETRIC PARALLAXES OF MASSIVE STAR-FORMING REGIONS. VI. GALACTIC STRUCTURE, FUNDAMENTAL PARAMETERS, AND NONCIRCULAR MOTIONS[J]. ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,2009,700(1):137-148.
APA Reid, M. J..,Menten, K. M..,Zheng, X. W..,Brunthaler, A..,Moscadelli, L..,...&Bartkiewicz, A..(2009).TRIGONOMETRIC PARALLAXES OF MASSIVE STAR-FORMING REGIONS. VI. GALACTIC STRUCTURE, FUNDAMENTAL PARAMETERS, AND NONCIRCULAR MOTIONS.ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL,700(1),137-148.
MLA Reid, M. J.,et al."TRIGONOMETRIC PARALLAXES OF MASSIVE STAR-FORMING REGIONS. VI. GALACTIC STRUCTURE, FUNDAMENTAL PARAMETERS, AND NONCIRCULAR MOTIONS".ASTROPHYSICAL JOURNAL 700.1(2009):137-148.
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