NAOC Open IR
Evolved massive stars at low-metallicity: III. A source catalog for the Large Magellanic Cloud(*)
Yang, Ming1; Bonanos, Alceste Z.1; Jiang, Biwei2; Gao, Jian2; Gavras, Panagiotis3; Maravelias, Grigoris1,4; Wang, Shu5; Chen, Xiao-Dian5; Lam, Man, I6; Ren, Yi2; Tramper, Frank1; Spetsieri, Zoi T.1
2021-02-19
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
ISSN0004-6361
Volume646Pages:14
AbstractWe present a clean, magnitude-limited (IRAC1 or WISE1 <= 15.0 mag) multiwavelength source catalog for the Large Magellanic Cloud (LMC). The catalog was built by crossmatching (1 '') and deblending (3 '') between the source list of Spitzer Enhanced Imaging Products and Gaia Data Release 2, with strict constraints on the Gaia astrometric solution in order to remove the foreground contamination. It is estimated that about 99.5% of the targets in our catalog are most likely genuine members of the LMC. The catalog contains 197 004 targets in 52 different bands, including two ultraviolet, 21 optical, and 29 infrared bands. Additional information about radial velocities and spectral and photometric classifications were collected from the literature. We compare our sample with the sample from Gaia Collaboration (2018, A&A, 616, A12), indicating that the bright end of our sample is mostly comprised of blue helium-burning stars (BHeBs) and red HeBs with inevitable contamination of main sequence stars at the blue end. After applying modified magnitude and color cuts based on previous studies, we identified and ranked 2974 red supergiant, 508 yellow supergiant, and 4786 blue supergiant candidates in the LMC in six color-magnitude diagrams (CMDs). The comparison between the CMDs from the two catalogs of the LMC and Small Magellanic Cloud (SMC) indicates that the most distinct difference appears at the bright red end of the optical and near-infrared CMDs, where the cool evolved stars (e.g., red supergiant stars (RSGs), asymptotic giant branch stars, and red giant stars) are located, which is likely due to the effect of metallicity and star formation history. A further quantitative comparison of colors of massive star candidates in equal absolute magnitude bins suggests that there is essentially no difference for the BSG candidates, but a large discrepancy for the RSG candidates since LMC targets are redder than the SMC ones, which may be due to the combined effect of metallicity on both spectral type and mass-loss rate as well as the age effect. The effective temperatures (T-eff) of massive star populations are also derived from reddening-free color of (J-K-S)(0). The T-eff ranges are 35008000 K for a BSG population, with larger uncertainties toward the hotter stars.
Keywordinfrared: stars Magellanic Clouds stars: late-type stars: massive stars: mass-loss stars: variables: general
Funding OrganizationEuropean Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant ; ARC LIEF grant ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant ; ARC LIEF grant ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant ; ARC LIEF grant ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant ; ARC LIEF grant ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/202039475
Language英语
Funding ProjectEuropean Research Council (ERC) under the European Union[772086] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11533002] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[U1631104] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant[LE130100104] ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme[179.B-2003]
Funding OrganizationEuropean Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant ; ARC LIEF grant ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant ; ARC LIEF grant ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant ; ARC LIEF grant ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; ARC LIEF grant ; ARC LIEF grant ; Australian Research Council ; Australian Research Council ; Australian National University ; Australian National University ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; Australian Astronomical Observatory ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; SkyMapper Team at ANU ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Astronomy Australia Limited (AAL) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; Australian Government through the Commonwealth's Education Investment Fund (EIF) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National Collaborative Research Infrastructure Strategy (NCRIS) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; National eResearch Collaboration Tools and Resources (NeCTAR) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; Australian National Data Service Projects (ANDS) ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme ; ESO Telescopes at the La Silla or Paranal Observatories under ESO programme
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000621399500006
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/79245
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorYang, Ming
Affiliation1.Natl Observ Athens, IAASARS, Penteli 15236, Greece
2.Beijing Normal Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100875, Peoples R China
3.ESAC, Rhea Grp ESA, Camino Bajo Castillo S-N, Madrid 28692, Spain
4.Fdn Res & Technol Hellas, Inst Astrophys, Iraklion 71110, Greece
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Key Lab Opt Astron, Datun Rd 20A, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Key Lab Space Astron & Technol, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Ming,Bonanos, Alceste Z.,Jiang, Biwei,et al. Evolved massive stars at low-metallicity: III. A source catalog for the Large Magellanic Cloud(*)[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2021,646:14.
APA Yang, Ming.,Bonanos, Alceste Z..,Jiang, Biwei.,Gao, Jian.,Gavras, Panagiotis.,...&Spetsieri, Zoi T..(2021).Evolved massive stars at low-metallicity: III. A source catalog for the Large Magellanic Cloud(*).ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,646,14.
MLA Yang, Ming,et al."Evolved massive stars at low-metallicity: III. A source catalog for the Large Magellanic Cloud(*)".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 646(2021):14.
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