NAOC Open IR
Cygnus X-1 contains a 21-solar mass black hole-Implications for massive star winds
Miller-Jones, James C. A.1; Bahramian, Arash1; Orosz, Jerome A.2; Mandel, Ilya3,4,5; Gou, Lijun6,7; Maccarone, Thomas J.8; Neijssel, Coenraad J.3,4,5; Zhao, Xueshan6,7; Ziolkowski, Janusz9; Reid, Mark J.10; Uttley, Phil11; Zheng, Xueying6,7,27; Byun, Do-Young12,13; Dodson, Richard14; Grinberg, Victoria15; Jung, Taehyun12,13; Kim, Jeong-Sook12; Marcote, Benito16; Markoff, Sera11,17; Rioja, Maria J.14,18,19; Rushton, Anthony P.20,21; Russell, David M.22; Sivakoff, Gregory R.23; Tetarenko, Alexandra J.24; Tudose, Valeriu25; Wilms, Joern26
2021-03-05
Source PublicationSCIENCE
ISSN0036-8075
Volume371Issue:6533Pages:1046-+
AbstractThe evolution of massive stars is influenced by the mass lost to stellar winds over their lifetimes. These winds limit the masses of the stellar remnants (such as black holes) that the stars ultimately produce. We used radio astrometry to refine the distance to the black hole x-ray binary Cygnus X-1, which we found to be 2.22(-0.17)(+0.18) kiloparsecs. When combined with archival optical data, this implies a black hole mass of 21.2 +/- +/- 2.2 solar masses, which is higher than previous measurements. The formation of such a high-mass black hole in a high-metallicity system (within the Milky Way) constrains wind mass loss from massive stars.
Funding OrganizationAustralian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National NSFC ; National NSFC ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; NSERC ; NSERC ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Polish National Science Centre ; Polish National Science Centre ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National NSFC ; National NSFC ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; NSERC ; NSERC ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Polish National Science Centre ; Polish National Science Centre ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National NSFC ; National NSFC ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; NSERC ; NSERC ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Polish National Science Centre ; Polish National Science Centre ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National NSFC ; National NSFC ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; NSERC ; NSERC ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Polish National Science Centre ; Polish National Science Centre
DOI10.1126/science.abb3363
Language英语
Funding ProjectAustralian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government[FT140101082] ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government[FT190100574] ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project[2016YFA0400804] ; National NSFC[U1838114] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB23040100] ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO)[AYA2016-76012-C3-1-P] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023)[PID2019-105510GB-C31] ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023)[CEX2019-000918-M] ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant[639.043.513] ; NSERC[RGPIN-2016-06569] ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant[50 OR 1606] ; Polish National Science Centre[2015/18/A/ST9/00746]
Funding OrganizationAustralian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National NSFC ; National NSFC ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; NSERC ; NSERC ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Polish National Science Centre ; Polish National Science Centre ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National NSFC ; National NSFC ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; NSERC ; NSERC ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Polish National Science Centre ; Polish National Science Centre ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National NSFC ; National NSFC ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; NSERC ; NSERC ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Polish National Science Centre ; Polish National Science Centre ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; Australian Research Council Future Fellowships - Australian government ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National Program on Key Research and Development Project ; National NSFC ; National NSFC ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Margarete von Wrangell fellowship by the ESF ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Economia y Competitividad (MINECO) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Spanish Ministerio de Ciencia e Innovacion under ICCUB (Unidad de Excelencia "Maria de Maeztu" 2020-2023) ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; Netherlands Organization for Scientific Research (NWO) VICI grant ; NSERC ; NSERC ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; program Laplas VI of the Romanian National Authority for Scientific Research ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Bundesministerium fur Wirtschaft und Technologie under Deutsches Zentrum fur Luft-und Raumfahrt grant ; Polish National Science Centre ; Polish National Science Centre
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000625876100054
PublisherAMER ASSOC ADVANCEMENT SCIENCE
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/78960
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorMiller-Jones, James C. A.
Affiliation1.Curtin Univ, Int Ctr Radio Astron Res, Perth, WA 6845, Australia
2.San Diego State Univ, Dept Astron, San Diego, CA 92182 USA
3.Monash Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, Clayton, Vic 3800, Australia
4.OzGrav Australian Res Council Ctr Excellence Grav, Hawthorn, Vic 3122, Australia
5.Univ Birmingham, Sch Phys & Astron, Birmingham B15 2TT, W Midlands, England
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Computat Astrophys, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
7.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
8.Texas Tech Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Lubbock, TX 79409 USA
9.Nicolaus Copernicus Astron Ctr, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland
10.Harvard & Smithsonian, Ctr Astrophys, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
11.Univ Amsterdam, Astron Inst Anton Pannekoek, NL-1098 XH Amsterdam, Netherlands
12.Korea Astron & Space Sci Inst, Daejeon 34055, South Korea
13.Univ Sci & Technol, Daejeon 34113, South Korea
14.Univ Western Australia, Int Ctr Radio Astron Res, Crawley, WA 6009, Australia
15.Univ Tubingen, Inst Astron & Astrophys, D-72076 Tubingen, Germany
16.European Res Infrastruct Consortium, Joint Inst Very Long Baseline Interferometry, NL-7991 PD Dwingeloo, Netherlands
17.Univ Amsterdam, Gravitat & Astroparticle Phys Amsterdam Inst, NL-1098 XH Amsterdam, Netherlands
18.CSIRO, Astron & Space Sci, Perth, WA 6102, Australia
19.Inst Geog Nacl Expanol, Observ Astronom Nacl, Madrid 28014, Spain
20.Univ Oxford, Dept Phys, Astrophys, Oxford OX1 3RH, England
21.Univ Southampton, Sch Phys & Astron, Southampton SO17 1BJ, Hants, England
22.New York Univ Abu Dhabi, Ctr Astro Particle & Planetary Phys, Abu Dhabi, U Arab Emirates
23.Univ Alberta, Centennial Ctr Interdisciplinary Sci, Dept Phys, Edmonton, AB T6G 2E1, Canada
24.East Asian Observ, Hilo, HI 96720 USA
25.Inst Space Sci, Bucharest 077125, Romania
26.Friedrich Alexander Univ Erlangen Nurnberg, Dr Karl Remeis Sternwarte & Erlangen Ctr Astropar, D-96049 Bamberg, Germany
27.Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys, D-85748 Garching, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Miller-Jones, James C. A.,Bahramian, Arash,Orosz, Jerome A.,et al. Cygnus X-1 contains a 21-solar mass black hole-Implications for massive star winds[J]. SCIENCE,2021,371(6533):1046-+.
APA Miller-Jones, James C. A..,Bahramian, Arash.,Orosz, Jerome A..,Mandel, Ilya.,Gou, Lijun.,...&Wilms, Joern.(2021).Cygnus X-1 contains a 21-solar mass black hole-Implications for massive star winds.SCIENCE,371(6533),1046-+.
MLA Miller-Jones, James C. A.,et al."Cygnus X-1 contains a 21-solar mass black hole-Implications for massive star winds".SCIENCE 371.6533(2021):1046-+.
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