NAOC Open IR
Blanco DECam Bulge Survey (BDBS): III. A new view of the double red clump in the Milky Way bulge through luminosity and color distribution
Lim, D.1; Koch-Hansen, A. J.1; Chung, C.2,3; Johnson, C., I4; Kunder, A.5; Simion, I. T.6; Rich, R. M.7; Clarkson, W., I8; Pilachowski, C. A.9; Michael, S.9; Vivas, A. K.10; Young, M. D.11
2021-03-04
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
ISSN0004-6361
Volume647Pages:14
AbstractRed clump (RC) stars are one of the best stellar tracers of the structure of the Milky Way (MW) bulge. Here we report a new view of the double RC through luminosity and color distributions of RC stars in nine bulge fields (l = 0.0 degrees, +/- 4.5 degrees; b = -6.0 degrees, -7.5 degrees, -9.0 degrees) from the Blanco DECam Bulge Survey (BDBS), which covers near-ultraviolet to near-infrared bandpasses. The bright and faint RCs show contrasting distributions in (u-g)(0) and (u-i)(0) colors but similar distributions in (J-K-s)(0) with a variation depending on the Galactic longitude, where the bright RC is typically redder than the faint RC. In particular, the RC stars are clearly divided into the bluer and redder populations when using the (u-g)(0) color ((u-g)(0) < 2.5 for the bluer RC; (u-g)(0) 2.5 for the redder RC). The bluer stars show a single clump on the faint RC regime, whereas the redder stars form double clumps on both the bright and faint RCs. The bright clump of the redder stars is dominant in the positive longitude fields, while the faint clump of those red stars is significant at negative longitudes. We also confirm that the bluer and redder stars have different peak metallicity through comparison with spectroscopy (Delta [Fe/H] similar to 0.45 dex). Therefore, our results support a scenario whereby the MW bulge is composed of a spheroid of metal-poor stars and a boxy/peanut shape (X-shape) predominantly made up of metal-rich stars.
KeywordGalaxy: bulge Galaxy: formation Galaxy: structure stars: horizontal-branch
Funding OrganizationDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University ; Texas AM University ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University ; Texas AM University ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University ; Texas AM University ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University ; Texas AM University
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/202039955
Language英语
Funding ProjectDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation)[SFB 881] ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University
Funding OrganizationDeutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University ; Texas AM University ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University ; Texas AM University ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University ; Texas AM University ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. Department of Energy ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; U.S. National Science Foundation ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Ministry of Science and Education of Spain ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Science and Technology Facilities Council of the United Kingdom ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; Higher Education Funding Council for England ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; National Center for Supercomputing Applications at the University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Kavli Institute of Cosmological Physics at the University of Chicago ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Center for Cosmology and Astro-Particle Physics at the Ohio State University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Mitchell Institute for Fundamental Physics and Astronomy at Texas AM University ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Financiadora de Estudos e Projetos ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Fundaco Carlos Chagas Filho de Amparo a Pesquisa do Estado do Rio de Janeiro ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Conselho Nacional de Desenvolvimento Cientifico e Tecnologico ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Ministerio da Ciencia, Tecnologia e InovacAo ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft ; Dark Energy Survey ; Dark Energy Survey ; Argonne National Laboratory ; Argonne National Laboratory ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of California at Santa Cruz ; University of Cambridge ; University of Cambridge ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Centro de Investigaciones Energeticas ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; Medioambientales y Tecnologicas-Madrid ; University of Chicago ; University of Chicago ; University College London ; University College London ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; DES-Brazil Consortium ; University of Edinburgh ; University of Edinburgh ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Eidgenossische Technische Hochschule (ETH) Zurich ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; Fermi National Accelerator Laboratory ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; University of Illinois at Urbana-Champaign ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Cioncies de l'Espai (IEEC/CSIC) ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Institut de Fisica d'Altes Energies ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Lawrence Berkeley National Laboratory ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; Ludwig-Maximilians Universitat Munchen ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; associated Excellence Cluster Universe ; University of Michigan ; University of Michigan ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; National Optical Astronomy Observatory ; University of Nottingham ; University of Nottingham ; Ohio State University ; Ohio State University ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; OzDES Membership Consortium the University of Pennsylvania ; University of Portsmouth ; University of Portsmouth ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; SLAC National Accelerator Laboratory ; Stanford University ; Stanford University ; University of Sussex ; University of Sussex ; Texas AM University ; Texas AM University
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000626727700001
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/78667
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorLim, D.
Affiliation1.Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rechen Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
2.Yonsei Univ, Ctr Galaxy Evolut Res, Seoul 03722, South Korea
3.Yonsei Univ, Dept Astron, Seoul 03722, South Korea
4.Space Telescope Sci Inst, 3700 San Martin Dr, Baltimore, MD 21218 USA
5.St Martins Univ, Coll Arts & Sci, Ernsdor Ctr, 130 5000 Abbey Way SE, Lacey, WA 98503 USA
6.Shanghai Astron Observ, Key Lab Res Galaxies & Cosmol, 80 Nandan Rd, Shanghai 20030, Peoples R China
7.Univ Calif Los Angeles, Dept Phys & Astron, 430 Portola Plaza,Box 951547, Los Angeles, CA 90095 USA
8.Univ Michigan, Dept Nat Sci, 4901 Evergreen Rd, Dearborn, MI 48128 USA
9.Indiana Univ, Dept Astron, SW319,727 E 3rd St, Bloomington, IN 47405 USA
10.Cerro Tololo Interamer Observ, NSFs Natl Opt Infrared Astron Res Lab, Casilla 603, La Serena, Chile
11.Indiana Univ, Univ Informat Technol Serv, CIB 2709 E 10th St, Bloomington, IN 47401 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Lim, D.,Koch-Hansen, A. J.,Chung, C.,et al. Blanco DECam Bulge Survey (BDBS): III. A new view of the double red clump in the Milky Way bulge through luminosity and color distribution[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2021,647:14.
APA Lim, D..,Koch-Hansen, A. J..,Chung, C..,Johnson, C., I.,Kunder, A..,...&Young, M. D..(2021).Blanco DECam Bulge Survey (BDBS): III. A new view of the double red clump in the Milky Way bulge through luminosity and color distribution.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,647,14.
MLA Lim, D.,et al."Blanco DECam Bulge Survey (BDBS): III. A new view of the double red clump in the Milky Way bulge through luminosity and color distribution".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 647(2021):14.
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