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Time-dependent behaviour of Lyman a photon transfer in a high-redshift optically thick medium
Xu, Wen1,2; Wu, Xiang-Ping1; Fang, Li-Zhi1,2
2011-12-01
Source PublicationMONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
Volume418Issue:2Pages:853-862
AbstractUsing the Monte Carlo simulation method, we investigate the time-dependent behaviour of Lya photon transfer in an optically thick medium of the concordance ?CDM universe. At high redshifts, the Lya photon escaping from the optically thick medium has a time-scale as long as the age of the luminous object, or even comparable to the age of the Universe. In this case, time-independent or stationary solutions of the Lya photon transfer with resonant scattering will overlook important features of the escaped Lya photons in physical and frequency spaces. More importantly, the expansion of the Universe means that the time-independent solutions of the Lya photon transfer might not exist. We show that time-dependent solutions are sometimes essential for understanding Lya emission and absorption at high redshifts. For Lya photons from sources at redshift 1 +z= 10, which are surrounded by the neutral hydrogen intergalactic medium (IGM) of the ?CDM universe, the escape coefficient is found to be always less, or much less, than one, regardless of the age or lifetime of the sources. In such an environment, we also find that even when the Lya photon luminosity of the sources is stable, the mean surface brightness gradually increases in the first 106 yr, and then decreases with a power law of time. However, it never approaches a stable, time-independent state. That is, all 1 +z= 10 sources in a neutral Hubble expanding IGM with Lya luminosity L have their maximum of mean surface brightness similar to 10-21(L/1043 erg s-1) erg s-1 cm-2 arcsec-2 at the age of about 106 yr. We also address the time-dependent effects on the red damping wing profile.
KeywordRadiative Transfer Scattering Intergalactic Medium Cosmology: Theory
DOI10.1111/j.1365-2966.2011.19539.x
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000297987400013
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Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/7850
Collection星系宇宙学研究部
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
2.Univ Arizona, Dept Phys, Tucson, AZ 85721 USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Xu, Wen,Wu, Xiang-Ping,Fang, Li-Zhi. Time-dependent behaviour of Lyman a photon transfer in a high-redshift optically thick medium[J]. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,2011,418(2):853-862.
APA Xu, Wen,Wu, Xiang-Ping,&Fang, Li-Zhi.(2011).Time-dependent behaviour of Lyman a photon transfer in a high-redshift optically thick medium.MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,418(2),853-862.
MLA Xu, Wen,et al."Time-dependent behaviour of Lyman a photon transfer in a high-redshift optically thick medium".MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 418.2(2011):853-862.
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