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A distortion of very-high-redshift galaxy number counts by gravitational lensing
Wyithe, J. Stuart B.1; Yan, Haojing2; Windhorst, Rogier A.3; Mao, Shude4,5
2011-01-13
发表期刊NATURE
卷号469期号:7329页码:181-184
摘要The observed number counts of high-redshift galaxy candidates(1-8) have been used to build up a statistical description of star-forming activity at redshift z greater than or similar to 7, when galaxies reionized the Universe(1,2,9,10). Standard models(11) predict that a high incidence of gravitational lensing will probably distort measurements of flux and number of these earliest galaxies. The raw probability of this happening has been estimated to be similar to 0.5 per cent (refs 11, 12), but can be larger owing to observational biases. Here we report that gravitational lensing is likely to dominate the observed properties of galaxies with redshifts of z greater than or similar to 12, when the instrumental limiting magnitude is expected to be brighter than the characteristic magnitude of the galaxy sample. The number counts could be modified by an order of magnitude, with most galaxies being part of multiply imaged systems, located less than 1 arcsec from brighter foreground galaxies at z approximate to 2. This lens-induced association of high-redshift and foreground galaxies has perhaps already been observed among a sample of galaxy candidates identified at z approximate to 10.6. Future surveys will need to be designed to account for a significant gravitational lensing bias in high-redshift galaxy samples.
DOI10.1038/nature09619
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000286143400031
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文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/7835
专题星系宇宙学研究部
作者单位1.Univ Melbourne, Sch Phys, Parkville, Vic 3010, Australia
2.Ohio State Univ, Ctr Cosmol & AstroParticle Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
3.Arizona State Univ, Sch Earth & Space Explorat, Tempe, AZ 85287 USA
4.Univ Manchester, Ctr Astrophys, Jodrell Bank, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ China, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
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Wyithe, J. Stuart B.,Yan, Haojing,Windhorst, Rogier A.,et al. A distortion of very-high-redshift galaxy number counts by gravitational lensing[J]. NATURE,2011,469(7329):181-184.
APA Wyithe, J. Stuart B.,Yan, Haojing,Windhorst, Rogier A.,&Mao, Shude.(2011).A distortion of very-high-redshift galaxy number counts by gravitational lensing.NATURE,469(7329),181-184.
MLA Wyithe, J. Stuart B.,et al."A distortion of very-high-redshift galaxy number counts by gravitational lensing".NATURE 469.7329(2011):181-184.
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