NAOC Open IR
Intermediate mass black hole formation in compact young massive star clusters
Rizzuto, Francesco Paolo1; Naab, Thorsten1; Spurzem, Rainer2,3,4,5; Giersz, Mirek6; Ostriker, J. P.7,8; Stone, N. C.7,9,10; Wang, Long11,12; Berczik, Peter2,3,4,13; Rampp, M.14
2021-03-01
Source PublicationMONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
ISSN0035-8711
Volume501Issue:4Pages:5257-5273
AbstractYoung dense massive star clusters are promising environments for the formation of intermediate mass black holes (IMBHs) through collisions. We present a set of 80 simulations carried out with nbody6++gpu of 10 models of compact star clusters with half-mass radii R-h less than or similar to 1 pc, central densities rho(core) greater than or similar to 10(5)M(circle dot) pc(-3), and resolved stellar populations with 10 percent primordial binaries. Very massive stars (VMSs) up to similar to 400M(circle dot) grow rapidly by binary exchange and three-body scattering with stars in hard binaries. Assuming that in VMS-stellar black hole (BH) collisions all stellar material is accreted on to the BH, IMBHs with masses up to M-BH similar to 350M(circle dot) can form on time-scales of less than or similar to 15 Myr, as qualitatively predicted from Monte Carlo MOCCA simulations. One model forms an IMBH of 140 M-circle dot by three BH mergers with masses of 17:28, 25:45, and 68:70 M-circle dot within similar to 90 Myr. Despite the stochastic nature of the process, formation efficiencies are higher in more compact clusters. Lower accretion fractions of 0.5 also result in IMBH formation. The process might fail for values as low as 0.1. The IMBHs can merge with stellar mass BHs in intermediate mass ratio inspiral events on a 100 Myr time-scale. With 10(5) stars, 10 per cent binaries, stellar evolution, all relevant dynamical processes, and 300 Myr simulation time, our large suite of 80 simulations indicate another rapid IMBH formation channel in young and compact massive star clusters.
Keywordgravitational waves methods: numerical stars: black holes stars: mass-loss galaxies: star clusters: general
Funding OrganizationSino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA ; NASA ; Israel Science Foundation ; Israel Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA ; NASA ; Israel Science Foundation ; Israel Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA ; NASA ; Israel Science Foundation ; Israel Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA ; NASA ; Israel Science Foundation ; Israel Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Dali University, Yunnan, China
DOI10.1093/mnras/staa3634
Language英语
Funding ProjectSino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC)[GZ 1284] ; Chinese National Science Foundation[11673032] ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS'[390783311] ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN)[UMO-2016/23/B/ST9/02732] ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC)[11721303] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China[11673032] ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA[NNX17AK43G] ; Israel Science Foundation[2565/19] ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation)[138713538 - SFB 881] ; Volkswagen Foundation[90411] ; Volkswagen Foundation[97778] ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus'[2020.02/0346] ; Dali University, Yunnan, China
Funding OrganizationSino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA ; NASA ; Israel Science Foundation ; Israel Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA ; NASA ; Israel Science Foundation ; Israel Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA ; NASA ; Israel Science Foundation ; Israel Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Sino-German cooperation (DFG, NSFC) ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Chinese National Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, German Research Foundation) under Germany's Excellence Strategy EXC-2094 from the DFG Cluster of Excellence 'ORIGINS' ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Gauss Centre for Supercomputing (GSC) e.V ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Korea Astronomy and Space Science Institute (KASI) in Daejoen, Korea (Rep.) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; Polish National Science Center (NCN) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; PKING (PKU-KIAA Innovation NSFC Group, gravitational astrophysics part, NSFC) ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; Chinese Academy of Sciences through the Silk Road Project at NAOC ; CAS ; CAS ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; JSPS International Research Fellow (School of Science, The university of Tokyo) ; NASA ; NASA ; Israel Science Foundation ; Israel Science Foundation ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft (DFG, GermanResearch Foundation) ; Volkswagen Foundation ; Volkswagen Foundation ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; special program of the NRF of Ukraine 'Leading and Young Scientists Research Support' - 'Astrophysical Relativistic Galactic Objects (ARGO): life cycle of active nucleus' ; Dali University, Yunnan, China ; Dali University, Yunnan, China
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000637320000041
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/78343
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorRizzuto, Francesco Paolo
Affiliation1.Max Planck Inst Astrophys, Karl Schwarzschild Str 1, D-85741 Garching, Germany
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, 20A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Computat Astrophys, 20A Datun Rd, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
4.Heidelberg Univ, Astron Rech Inst, Zentrum Astron, Monchhofstr 12-14, D-69120 Heidelberg, Germany
5.Peking Univ, Kavli Inst Astron & Astrophys, Yiheyuan Lu 5, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
6.Polish Acad Sci, Nicolaus Copernicus Astron Ctr, Ul Bartycka 18, PL-00716 Warsaw, Poland
7.Columbia Univ, Dept Astron, New York, NY 10027 USA
8.Princeton Univ, Dept Astrophys Sci, Princeton, NJ 08544 USA
9.Hebrew Univ Jerusalem, Racah Inst Phys, IL-91904 Jerusalem, Israel
10.Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
11.Univ Tokyo, Sch Sci, Dept Astron, Bunkyo Ku, 7-3-1 Hongo, Tokyo 1130033, Japan
12.RIKEN Ctr Computat Sci, Chuo Ku, 7-1-26 Minatojima Minami Machi, Kobe, Hyogo 6500047, Japan
13.Ukrainian Natl Acad Sci, Main Astron Observ, UA-02000 Kiev, Ukraine
14.Max Planck Comp & Data Facil, Giessenbachstr 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Rizzuto, Francesco Paolo,Naab, Thorsten,Spurzem, Rainer,et al. Intermediate mass black hole formation in compact young massive star clusters[J]. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,2021,501(4):5257-5273.
APA Rizzuto, Francesco Paolo.,Naab, Thorsten.,Spurzem, Rainer.,Giersz, Mirek.,Ostriker, J. P..,...&Rampp, M..(2021).Intermediate mass black hole formation in compact young massive star clusters.MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,501(4),5257-5273.
MLA Rizzuto, Francesco Paolo,et al."Intermediate mass black hole formation in compact young massive star clusters".MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 501.4(2021):5257-5273.
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