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A joint Chandra and XMM-Newton view of Abell 3158: a massive off-centre cool gas clump as a robust diagnostic of a merger stage
Wang, Yu1; Xu, Haiguang1; Gu, Liyi1; Gu, Junhua1; Qin, Zhenzhen1; Wang, Jingying1; Zhang, Zhongli2; Wu, Xiang-Ping3
2010-04-21
Source PublicationMONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
Volume403Issue:4Pages:1909-1918
AbstractIn previous works, the nearby galaxy cluster Abell 3158 was reported to possess a relatively regular, relaxed morphology in the X-ray band. By analysing the Chandra and XMM-Newton archived data of Abell 3158, we have identified a bow-edge-shaped discontinuity in the Xray surface brightness distribution about 120h(71)(-1) kpc west of the X-ray peak. This feature is found to be associated with a massive, off-centre cool gas clump, and actually forms the west boundary of the cool clump. By calculating the thermal gas pressures in the cool clump and in the free-stream region, we determine that the cool gas clump is moving at a subsonic velocity of 700(-340)(+140) km s(-1) (M = 0.6(-0.3)(+0.1)) towards west on the sky plane. We exclude the possibility that this cool clump was formed by local inhomogeneous radiative cooling in the intracluster medium, because of the effectiveness of the thermal conduction on the time-scale of similar to 0.3 Gyr. As no evidence for central active galactic nucleus activity has been found in Abell 3158, and this cool clump bears many similarities to the off-centre cool gas clumps detected in other merging clusters in terms of their mass, size, location and thermal properties (e. g. lower temperature and higher abundance as compared with the environment), we speculate that the cool clump in Abell 3158 was caused by a merger event, and is the remnant of the original central cool-core of the main cluster or the infalling subcluster. This idea is supported not only by the study of the line-of-sight velocity distribution of the cluster member galaxies, but also by the study of the gas entropy-temperature correlation. This example shows that the appearance of such massive, off-centre cool gas clumps can be used to diagnose the dynamical state of a cluster, especially when prominent shocks and cold fronts are absent.
KeywordGalaxies: Clusters: Individual: Abell 3158 Intergalactic Medium Galaxies: Kinematics And Dynamics X-rays: Galaxies: Clusters
DOI10.1111/j.1365-2966.2010.16264.x
Indexed BySCI
Language英语
WOS IDWOS:000276406800021
Citation statistics
Cited Times:4[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/7799
Collection星系宇宙学研究部
Affiliation1.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Dept Phys, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China
2.Max Planck Inst Astrophys, D-85741 Garching, Germany
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Wang, Yu,Xu, Haiguang,Gu, Liyi,et al. A joint Chandra and XMM-Newton view of Abell 3158: a massive off-centre cool gas clump as a robust diagnostic of a merger stage[J]. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,2010,403(4):1909-1918.
APA Wang, Yu.,Xu, Haiguang.,Gu, Liyi.,Gu, Junhua.,Qin, Zhenzhen.,...&Wu, Xiang-Ping.(2010).A joint Chandra and XMM-Newton view of Abell 3158: a massive off-centre cool gas clump as a robust diagnostic of a merger stage.MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,403(4),1909-1918.
MLA Wang, Yu,et al."A joint Chandra and XMM-Newton view of Abell 3158: a massive off-centre cool gas clump as a robust diagnostic of a merger stage".MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 403.4(2010):1909-1918.
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