NAOC Open IR
Performance test of the electromagnetic particle detectors for the LHAASO experiment
Aharonian, F.32,33; An, Q.6,7; An, Q.25,26; Bai, L. X.27; Bai, Y. X.1,2,3,5; Bao, Y. W.18; Bastieri, D.12; Bi, X. J.1,2,3,4,5; Bi, Y. J.1,2,3,5; Cai, H.29; Cai, J. T.12; Cao, Z.1,2,3,4,5; Cao, Z.6,7; Chang, J.19; Chang, J. F.1,2,3,5,6; Chang, X. C.1,2,3,5; Chen, B. M.16; Chen, J.27; Chen, L.1,2,3,4,5; Chen, L.22; Chen, L.22; Chen, M. J.1,2,3,5; Chen, M. L.1,2,3,5; Chen, Q. H.16; Chen, S. H.27; Chen, S. Z.1,2,3,4,5; Chen, T. L.28; Chen, X. L.1,2,3,4,5; Chen, Y.18; Cheng, N.1,2,3,5; Cheng, Y. D.1,2,3,5; Cui, S. W.16; Cui, X. H.9; Cui, Y. D.13,14; Dai, B. Z.30; Dai, H. L.1,2,3,5,6; Dai, Z. G.18; Dai, Z. G.28; della Volpe, D.37; Piazzoli, B. D'Ettorre34; Dong, X. J.1,2,3,5; Fan, J. H.12; Fan, Y. Z.19; Fan, Z. X.1,2,3,5; Fang, J.30; Fang, K.1,2,3,5; Feng, C. F.20,21; Feng, L.19; Feng, S. H.1,2,3,5; Feng, Y. L.18; Gao, B.1,2,3,5; Gao, C. D.20,21; Gao, Q.28; Gao, W.20,21; Ge, M. M.30; Geng, L. S.1,2,3,5; Gong, G. H.8; Gou, Q. B.1,2,3,5; Gu, M. H.1,2,3,5,6; Guo, J. G.1,2,3,4,5; Guo, X. L.25,26; Guo, Y. Q.1,2,3,5; Guo, Y. Y.1,2,3,4,5,19; Han, Y. A.17; He, H. H.1,2,3,4,5; He, H. N.19; He, J. C.1,2,3,4,5; He, S. L.12; He, X. B.13,14; He, Y.25,26; Heller, M.37; Hor, Y. K.13,14; Hou, C.1,2,3,5; Hou, X.31; Hu, H. B.1,2,3,4,5; Hu, S.27; Hu, S. C.1,2,3,4,5; Hu, X. J.8; Huang, D. H.25,26; Huang, Q. L.1,2,3,5; Huang, W. H.20,21; Huang, X. T.20,21; Huang, Z. C.25,26; Ji, F.1,2,3,5; Ji, X. L.1,2,3,5,6; Jia, H. Y.25,26; Jia, K.20,21; Jiang, K.6,7; Jiang, Z. J.30; Jin, C.1,2,3,4,5; Kuleshov, D.35; Levochkin, K.35; Li, B.39; Li, B. B.16; Li, C.1,2,3,5; Li, C.6,7; Li, F.1,2,3,5,6; Li, H.20,21; Li, H. B.1,2,3,5; Li, H. C.1,2,3,5; Li, H. Y.7,19; Li, J.1,2,3,5,6; Li, K.1,2,3,5; Li, W. L.20,21; Li, X.6,7; Li, X.25,26; Li, X. R.1,2,3,5; Li, Y.27; Li, Y. Z.1,2,3,4,5; Li, Z.1,2,3,5; Li, Z.1,2,3,5; Liang, E. W.15; Liang, Y. F.15; Lin, S. J.13,14; Liu, B.7; Liu, C.1,2,3,5; Liu, D.20,21; Liu, H.25,26; Liu, H. D.17; Liu, J.1,2,3,5; Liu, J. L.23,24; Liu, J. S.13,14; Liu, J. Y.1,2,3,5; Liu, M. Y.28; Liu, R. Y.18; Liu, S. M.19; Liu, W.1,2,3,5; Liu, Y. N.8; Liu, Z. X.27; Long, W. J.25,26; Lu, R.30; Lv, H. K.1,2,3,5; Ma, B. Q.11; Ma, L. L.1,2,3,5; Ma, X. H.1,2,3,5; Mao, J. R.31; Masood, A.25,26; Mitthumsiri, W.38; Montaruli, T.37; Nan, Y. C.20,21; Pang, B. Y.25,26; Pattarakijwanich, P.38; Pei, Z. Y.12; Qi, M. Y.1,2,3,5; Ruffolo, D.11; Rulev, V35,36; Saiz, A.35; Shao, L.25,26; Shchegolev, O.15; Sheng, X. D.10; Shi, J. R.1,2,3,5; Song, H. C.11; Stenkin, Yu, V35,36; Stepanov, V36; Sun, Q. N.15; Sun, X. N.10; Sun, Z. B.13,14; Tam, P. H. T.13,14; Tang, Z. B.6,7; Tian, W. W.4,9; Wang, B. D.1,2,3,5; Wang, C.10; Wang, H.25,26; Wang, H. G.12; Wang, J. C.31; Wang, J. S.23,24; Wang, L. P.20,21; Wang, L. Y.1,2,3,5; Wang, R. N.25,26; Wang, W.13,14; Wang, W.29; Wang, X. G.15; Wang, X. J.1,2,3,5; Wang, X. Y.18; Wang, Y. D.1,2,3,5; Wang, Y. J.1,2,3,5; Wang, Y. P.1,2,3,4,5; Wang, Z.1,2,3,5,6; Wang, Z.23,24; Wang, Z. H.27; Wang, Z. X.30; Wei, D. M.19; Wei, J. J.19; Wei, Y. J.1,2,3,4,5; Wen, T.30; Wu, C. Y.1,2,3,5; Wu, H. R.1,2,3,5; Wu, S.12; Wu, W. X.29; Wu, X. F.25,26; Xi, S. Q.22; Xia, J.23,24; Xia, J. J.11; Xiang, G. M.20,21; Xiao, G.1,2,3,5; Xiao, H. B.12; Xin, G. G.29; Xin, Y. L.25,26; Xing, Y.22; Xu, D. L.23,24; Xu, R. X.11; Xue, L.20,21; Yan, D. H.31; Yang, C. W.27; Yang, F. F.1,2,3,5,6; Yang, J. Y.13,14; Yang, L. L.13,14; Yang, M. J.1,2,3,5; Yang, R. Z.7; Yang, S. B.30; Yao, Y. H.27; Yao, Z. G.1,2,3,5; Ye, Y. M.8; Yin, L. Q.1,2,3,5; Yin, N.20,21; You, X. H.1,2,3,5; You, Z. Y.1,2,3,4,5; Yu, Y. H.20,21; Yuan, Q.19; Zeng, H. D.8; Zeng, T. X.1,2,3,5,6; Zeng, W.30; Zeng, Z. K.1,2,3,4,5; Zha, M.1,2,3,5; Zhai, X. X.1,2,3,5; Zhang, B. B.18; Zhang, H. M.18; Zhang, H. Y.20,21; Zhang, J. L.9; Zhang, J. W.27; Zhang, L.16; Zhang, L.30; Zhang, L. X.12; Zhang, P. F.30; Zhang, P. P.16; Zhang, R.7,19; Zhang, S. R.16; Zhang, S. S.1,2,3,5; Zhang, X.18; Zhang, X. P.1,2,3,5; Zhang, Y.1,2,3,5; Zhang, Y.1,2,3,19; Zhang, Y. F.25,26; Zhang, Y. L.1,2,3,5; Zhao, B.25,26; Zhao, J.1,2,3,5; Zhao, L.6,7; Zhao, L. Z.16; Zhao, S. P.19,20,21; Zhao, X.20,21; Zheng, F.25,26; Zheng, Y.25,26; Zhou, B.1,2,3,5; Zhou, H.23,24; Zhou, J. N.22; Zhou, P.18; Zhou, R.27; Zhou, X. X.25,26; Zhu, C. G.20,21; Zhu, F. R.25,26; Zhu, H.9; Zhu, K. J.1,2,3,4,5,6; Zuo, X.1,2,3,5
2021-06-11
Source PublicationNUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT
ISSN0168-9002
Volume1001Pages:7
AbstractThe Large High Altitude Air Shower Observatory (LHAASO) is a new generation hybrid cosmic ray observatory which is expected to reveal the mystery of the origin of cosmic rays. The one square kilometer array (KM2A) consisting of 5195 Electromagnetic particle Detectors (ED) and 1188 Muon Detectors (MD) is a sub-array of LHAASO. The EDs are designed to measure the density and arriving time of the secondary particles of extensive air showers. The performance of the EDs is tested for the quality control after construction in the laboratory at sea level. In this paper, the performance of more than four thousands EDs is summarized. The performance of all tested EDs meets the design requirements with the time resolution of 1.6 ns, the detection efficiency of 97.8%, charge resolution for single particle of 18.5% and count rate around 480 Hz. Furthermore, one ED is singled out for monitoring of the long-term stability over a period of nearly two years from December 2018 to November 2020.
KeywordElectromagnetic particle detectors KM2A LHAASO CORARS Cosmic ray
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D program of China ; National Key R&D program of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; National Key R&D program of China ; National Key R&D program of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; National Key R&D program of China ; National Key R&D program of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; National Key R&D program of China ; National Key R&D program of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation
DOI10.1016/j.nima.2021.165193
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key R&D program of China[2018YFA0404201] ; National Key R&D program of China[2018YFA0404202] ; National Key R&D program of China[2018YFA0404203] ; National Key R&D program of China[2018YFA0404204] ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China[2019M652357] ; NSFC[12022502] ; NSFC[11905227] ; NSFC[U1931112] ; NSFC[11635011] ; NSFC[11761141001] ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation[RTA6280002]
Funding OrganizationNational Key R&D program of China ; National Key R&D program of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; National Key R&D program of China ; National Key R&D program of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; National Key R&D program of China ; National Key R&D program of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; National Key R&D program of China ; National Key R&D program of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; Postdoctoral Science Foundation of China ; NSFC ; NSFC ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation ; Thailand by Science Research and Innovation
WOS Research AreaInstruments & Instrumentation ; Nuclear Science & Technology ; Physics
WOS SubjectInstruments & Instrumentation ; Nuclear Science & Technology ; Physics, Nuclear ; Physics, Particles & Fields
WOS IDWOS:000641308300008
PublisherELSEVIER
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/77952
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorGao, W.; Li, B.; Li, W. L.; Zhao, X.
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Particle Astrophy, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Expt Phys Div, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Comp Ctr, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
4.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
5.TIANFU Cosm Ray Res Ctr, Chengdu, Sichuan, Peoples R China
6.State Key Lab Particle Detect & Elect, Beijing, Peoples R China
7.Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Anhui, Peoples R China
8.Tsinghua Univ, Dept Engn Phys, Beijing 100084, Peoples R China
9.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
10.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Space Sci Ctr, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
11.Peking Univ, Sch Phys, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
12.Guangzhou Univ, Ctr Astrophys, Guangzhou 510006, Guangdong, Peoples R China
13.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, Sino French Inst Nucl Engn & Technol, Zhuhai 519082, Guangdong, Peoples R China
14.Sun Yat Sen Univ, Sch Phys Guangzhou, Sino French Inst Nucl Engn & Technol, Zhuhai 519082, Guangdong, Peoples R China
15.Guangxi Univ, Sch Phys Sci & Technol, Nanning 530004, Guangxi, Peoples R China
16.Hebei Normal Univ, Shijiazhuan 050024, Hebei, Peoples R China
17.Zhengzhou Univ, Sch Phys & Microelect, Zhengzhou 450001, Henan, Peoples R China
18.Nanjing Univ, Sch Astron & Space Sci, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
19.Chinese Acad Sci, Purple Mt Observ, Key Lab Dark Matter & Space Astron, Nanjing 210023, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
20.Shandong Univ, Inst Frontier & Interdisciplinary Sci, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China
21.Shandong Univ, Key Lab Particle Phys & Particle Irradiat MOE, Qingdao 266237, Shandong, Peoples R China
22.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, Key Lab Res Galaxies & Cosmol, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
23.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Tsung Dao Lee Inst, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China
24.Shanghai Jiao Tong Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, Shanghai 200240, Peoples R China
25.Southwest Jiaotong Univ, Sch Phys Sci & Technol, Chengdu 610031, Sichuan, Peoples R China
26.Southwest Jiaotong Univ, Sch Informat Sci & Technol, Chengdu 610031, Sichuan, Peoples R China
27.Sichuan Univ, Coll Phys, Chengdu 610065, Sichuan, Peoples R China
28.Tibet Univ, Minist Educ, Key Lab Cosm Rays, Lhasa 850000, Tibet, Peoples R China
29.Wuhan Univ, Sch Phys & Technol, Wuhan 430072, Hubei, Peoples R China
30.Yunnan Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, Kunming 650091, Yunnan, Peoples R China
31.Chinese Acad Sci, Yunnan Observ, Kunming 650216, Yunnan, Peoples R China
32.Dublin Inst Adv Studies, 31 Fitzwilliam Pl, Dublin 2, Ireland
33.Max Planck Inst Nucl Phys, POB 103980, D-69029 Heidelberg, Germany
34.Univ Napoli Federico II, Dipartimento Fis, Complesso Univ Monte SantAngelo, Via Cinthia, I-80126 Naples, Italy
35.Russian Acad Sci, Inst Nucl Res, Moscow 117312, Russia
36.Moscow Inst Phys & Technol, Moscow 141700, Russia
37.Univ Geneva, Fac Sci, Dept Phys Nucl & Corpusculaire, 24 Quai Ernest Ansermet, CH-1211 Geneva, Switzerland
38.Mahidol Univ, Fac Sci, Dept Phys, Bangkok 10400, Thailand
39.Yantai Univ, Yantai 264005, Shandong, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Aharonian, F.,An, Q.,An, Q.,et al. Performance test of the electromagnetic particle detectors for the LHAASO experiment[J]. NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT,2021,1001:7.
APA Aharonian, F..,An, Q..,An, Q..,Bai, L. X..,Bai, Y. X..,...&Zuo, X..(2021).Performance test of the electromagnetic particle detectors for the LHAASO experiment.NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT,1001,7.
MLA Aharonian, F.,et al."Performance test of the electromagnetic particle detectors for the LHAASO experiment".NUCLEAR INSTRUMENTS & METHODS IN PHYSICS RESEARCH SECTION A-ACCELERATORS SPECTROMETERS DETECTORS AND ASSOCIATED EQUIPMENT 1001(2021):7.
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