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The Herschel-SPIRE instrument and its in-flight performance
Griffin, M. J.; Abergel, A.36; Abreu, A.35; Ade, P. A. R.37; Andre, P.34; Augueres, J. -L.34; Babbedge, T.33; Bae, Y.32; Baillie, T.31; Baluteau, J. -P.30; Barlow, M. J.29; Bendo, G.33; Benielli, D.30; Bock, J. J.32; Bonhomme, P.28; Brisbin, D.27; Brockley-Blatt, C.28; Caldwell, M.26; Cara, C.34; Castro-Rodriguez, N.24,25; Cerulli, R.23; Chanial, P.33,34; Chen, S.22; Clark, E.26; Clements, D. L.33; Clerc, L.21; Coker, J.28; Communal, D.21; Conversi, L.35; Cox, P.20; Crumb, D.32; Cunningham, C.31; Daly, F.34; Davis, G. R.19; De Antoni, P.34; Delderfield, J.26; Devin, N.34; Di Giorgio, A.23; Didschuns, I.37; Dohlen, K.30; Donati, M.34; Dowell, A.26; Dowell, C. D.32; Duband, L.21; Dumaye, L.34; Emery, R. J.26; Ferlet, M.26; Ferrand, D.30; Fontignie, J.34; Fox, M.33; Franceschini, A.18; Frerking, M.32; Fulton, T.17; Garcia, J.30; Gastaud, R.34; Gear, W. K.37; Glenn, J.16; Goizel, A.26; Griffin, D. K.26; Grundy, T.26; Guest, S.26; Guillemet, L.21; Hargrave, P. C.37; Harwit, M.27; Hastings, P.31; Hatziminaoglou, E.15,24,25; Herman, M.32; Hinde, B.32; Hristov, V.14; Huang, M.22; Imhof, P.17; Isaak, K. J.13,37; Israelsson, U.32; Ivison, R. J.31; Jennings, D.12; Kiernan, B.37; King, K. J.26; Lange, A. E.14; Latter, W.11; Laurent, G.16; Laurent, P.30; Leeks, S. J.26; Lellouch, E.10; Levenson, L.14; Li, B.22; Li, J.22; Lilienthal, J.32; Lim, T.26; Liu, S. J.23; Lu, N.11; Madden, S.34; Mainetti, G.18; Marliani, P.13; McKay, D.26; Mercier, K.9; Molinari, S.23; Morris, H.26; Moseley, H.12; Mulder, J.32; Mur, M.34; Naylor, D. A.8; Nguyen, H.32; O'Halloran, B.33; Oliver, S.7; Olofsson, G.6; Olofsson, H. -G.6; Orfei, R.23; Page, M. J.28; Pain, I.31; Panuzzo, P.34; Papageorgiou, A.37; Parks, G.32; Parr-Burman, P.31; Pearce, A.26; Pearson, C.8,26; Perez-Fournon, I.24,25; Pinsard, F.34; Pisano, G.5,37; Podosek, J.32; Pohlen, M.37; Polehampton, E. T.8,26; Pouliquen, D.30; Rigopoulou, D.26; Rizzo, D.33; Roseboom, I. G.7; Roussel, H.4; Rowan-Robinson, M.33; Rownd, B.17; Saraceno, P.23; Sauvage, M.34; Savage, R.7; Savini, G.29,37; Sawyer, E.26; Scharmberg, C.30; Schmitt, D.13,34; Schneider, N.34; Schulz, B.11; Schwartz, A.11; Shafer, R.12; Shupe, D. L.11; Sibthorpe, B.31; Sidher, S.26; Smith, A.28; Smith, A. J.7; Smith, D.26; Spencer, L.8,37; Stobie, B.31; Sudiwala, R.37; Sukhatme, K.32; Surace, C.30; Stevens, J. A.3; Swinyard, B. M.26; Trichas, M.33; Tourette, T.34; Triou, H.34; Tseng, S.32; Tucker, C.37; Turner, A.32; Vaccari, M.18; Valtchanov, I.35; Vigroux, L.4,34; Virique, E.34; Voellmer, G.12; Walker, H.26; Ward, R.7; Waskett, T.37; Weilert, M.32; Wesson, R.29; White, G. J.2,26; Whitehouse, N.37; Wilson, C. D.1; Winter, B.28; Woodcraft, A. L.31; Wright, G. S.31; Xu, C. K.11; Zavagno, A.30; Zemcov, M.14; Zhang, L.11; Zonca, E.34
AbstractThe Spectral and Photometric Imaging REceiver (SPIRE), is the Herschel Space Observatory`s submillimetre camera and spectrometer. It contains a three-band imaging photometer operating at 250, 350 and 500 mu m, and an imaging Fourier-transform spectrometer (FTS) which covers simultaneously its whole operating range of 194-671 mu m (447-1550 GHz). The SPIRE detectors are arrays of feedhorn-coupled bolometers cooled to 0.3 K. The photometer has a field of view of 4' x 8', observed simultaneously in the three spectral bands. Its main operating mode is scan-mapping, whereby the field of view is scanned across the sky to achieve full spatial sampling and to cover large areas if desired. The spectrometer has an approximately circular field of view with a diameter of 2.6'. The spectral resolution can be adjusted between 1.2 and 25 GHz by changing the stroke length of the FTS scan mirror. Its main operating mode involves a fixed telescope pointing with multiple scans of the FTS mirror to acquire spectral data. For extended source measurements, multiple position offsets are implemented by means of an internal beam steering mirror to achieve the desired spatial sampling and by rastering of the telescope pointing to map areas larger than the field of view. The SPIRE instrument consists of a cold focal plane unit located inside the Herschel cryostat and warm electronics units, located on the spacecraft Service Module, for instrument control and data handling. Science data are transmitted to Earth with no on-board data compression, and processed by automatic pipelines to produce calibrated science products. The in-flight performance of the instrument matches or exceeds predictions based on pre-launch testing and modelling: the photometer sensitivity is comparable to or slightly better than estimated pre-launch, and the spectrometer sensitivity is also better by a factor of 1.5-2.
KeywordInstrumentation: Photometers Instrumentation: Spectrographs Space Vehicles: Instruments Submillimeter: General
Indexed BySCI
WOS IDWOS:000281527200004
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Affiliation1.McMaster Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Hamilton, ON L8S 4M1, Canada
2.Open Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, Milton Keynes MK7 6AA, Bucks, England
3.Univ Hertfordshire, Ctr Astrophys Res, Hatfield AL10 9AB, Herts, England
4.CNRS, UPMC, UMR7095, Inst Astrophys Paris, F-75014 Paris, France
5.Univ Manchester, Sch Phys & Astron, Manchester M13 9PL, Lancs, England
6.Stockholm Univ, Dept Astron, AlbaNova Univ Ctr, S-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
7.Univ Sussex, Dept Phys & Astron, Brighton BN1 9QH, E Sussex, England
8.Univ Lethbridge, Inst Space Imaging Sci, Dept Phys & Astron, Lethbridge, AB T1K 3M4, Canada
9.Ctr Natl Etud Spatiale, F-31401 Toulouse 9, France
10.LESIA CNRS, Observ Paris, F-92195 Meudon, France
11.NASA Herschel Sci Ctr, IPAC, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
12.NASA, Goddard Space Flight Ctr, Greenbelt, MD 20771 USA
13.ESA ESTEC, NL-2201 AZ Noordwijk, Netherlands
14.CALTECH, Pasadena, CA 91125 USA
15.European So Observ, D-85748 Garching, Germany
16.Univ Colorado, Dept Astrophys & Planetary Sci, Boulder, CO 80309 USA
17.Blue Sky Spect Inc, Lethbridge, AB T1J 0N9, Canada
18.Univ Padua, Dipartimento Astron, I-35122 Padua, Italy
19.Joint Astron Ctr, Hilo, HI 96720 USA
20.Inst Radio Astron Millimetr, F-38406 St Martin Dheres, France
21.CEA, INAC SBT, F-38054 Grenoble, France
22.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing, Peoples R China
23.Ist Fis Spazio Interplanetario, I-00133 Rome, Italy
24.Univ La Laguna, Dept Astrofis, Tenerife, Spain
25.Univ La Laguna, Inst Astrofis Canarias, Tenerife, Spain
26.Rutherford Appleton Lab, Didcot OX11 0QX, Oxon, England
27.Cornell Univ, Ithaca, NY 14853 USA
28.Univ Coll London, Mullard Space Sci Lab, Surrey RH5 6NT, England
29.UCL, Dept Phys & Astron, London WC1E 6BT, England
30.CNRS, UMR6110, Lab Astrophys Marseille, F-13388 Marseille, France
31.Royal Observ, UK Astron Technol Ctr, Edinburgh EH9 3HJ, Midlothian, Scotland
32.NASA, Jet Prop Lab, Pasadena, CA 91109 USA
33.Univ London Imperial Coll Sci Technol & Med, Blackett Lab, London SW7 2AZ, England
34.CEA, Serv Astrophys, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France
35.ESA Herschel Sci Ctr, ESAC, Villaneuva De La Canada, Spain
36.Univ Paris 11, Inst Astrophys Spatiale, F-91405 Orsay, France
37.Cardiff Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, Cardiff CF24 3AA, S Glam, Wales
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Griffin, M. J.,Abergel, A.,Abreu, A.,et al. The Herschel-SPIRE instrument and its in-flight performance[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2010,518.
APA Griffin, M. J..,Abergel, A..,Abreu, A..,Ade, P. A. R..,Andre, P..,...&Zonca, E..(2010).The Herschel-SPIRE instrument and its in-flight performance.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,518.
MLA Griffin, M. J.,et al."The Herschel-SPIRE instrument and its in-flight performance".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 518(2010).
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