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The Rotation Rates of Solar Magnetic Fields During Solar Cycles 21-aEuro parts per thousand 23
Chu, Z.1,2; Zhang, J.1; Nie, Q. X.2; Li, T.1
2010-06-01
发表期刊SOLAR PHYSICS
卷号264期号:1页码:1-11
摘要Employing the synoptic maps of the photospheric magnetic fields from the beginning of solar cycle 21 to the end of 23, we first build up a time -aEuro parts per thousand longitude stackplot at each latitude between +/- 35A degrees. On each stackplot there are many tilted magnetic structures clearly reflecting the rotation rates, and we adopt a cross-correlation technique to explore the rotation rates from these tilted structures. Our new method avoids artificially choosing magnetic tracers, and it is convenient for investigating the rotation rates of the positive and negative fields by omitting one kind of field on the stackplots. We have obtained the following results. i) The rotation rates of the positive and negative fields (or the leader and follower polarities, depending on the hemispheres and solar cycles) between latitudes +/- 35A degrees during solar cycles 21-23 are derived. The reversal times of the leader and follower polarities are usually not consistent with the years of the solar minimum, nevertheless, at latitudes +/- 16A degrees, the reversal times are almost simultaneous with them. ii) The rotation rates of the three solar cycles averaged over each cycle are calculated separately for the positive, negative and total fields. The latitude profiles of rotation of the positive and negative fields exhibit equatorial symmetries with each other, and those of the total fields lie between them. iii) The differences in rotation rates between the leader and follower polarities are obtained. They are very small near the equator, and increase as latitude increases. In the latitude range of 5A degrees aEuro parts per thousand aEuro"aEuro parts per thousand 20A degrees, these differences reach 0.05 deg day(-1), and the mean difference for solar cycle 22 is somewhat smaller than cycles 21 and 23 in these latitude regions. Then, the differences reduce again at latitudes higher than 20A degrees.
关键词Rotation Magnetic Fields Sunspots Photosphere
DOI10.1007/s11207-010-9561-0
收录类别SCI
语种英语
WOS记录号WOS:000278742600001
引用统计
文献类型期刊论文
条目标识符http://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/7708
专题太阳物理研究部
作者单位1.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Key Lab Solar Act, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
2.Shandong Normal Univ, Coll Phys & Elect, Jinan 250014, Peoples R China
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GB/T 7714
Chu, Z.,Zhang, J.,Nie, Q. X.,et al. The Rotation Rates of Solar Magnetic Fields During Solar Cycles 21-aEuro parts per thousand 23[J]. SOLAR PHYSICS,2010,264(1):1-11.
APA Chu, Z.,Zhang, J.,Nie, Q. X.,&Li, T..(2010).The Rotation Rates of Solar Magnetic Fields During Solar Cycles 21-aEuro parts per thousand 23.SOLAR PHYSICS,264(1),1-11.
MLA Chu, Z.,et al."The Rotation Rates of Solar Magnetic Fields During Solar Cycles 21-aEuro parts per thousand 23".SOLAR PHYSICS 264.1(2010):1-11.
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