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Atomic transitions for adaptive optics
Yang, Rui1,2; Hellemeier, Joschua2; Hickson, Paul2,3
2021-08-01
Source PublicationJOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS
ISSN0740-3224
Volume38Issue:8Pages:2239-2251
AbstractAdaptive optics systems using sodium laser guide stars are widely employed at major astronomical observatories. It is natural to ask whether other atomic species might offer advantages. In this paper, we review all abundant atoms and ions in the upper atmosphere, including Na, Fe, Mg+, Si+, Ca+, and K and also the non-metallic species N, N+, O, and H, considering their potential for adaptive optics. Return fluxes for all transitions that can be excited using either one or two wavelengths were computed. We also considered multi-wavelength emission, comparing the performance of different transitions for polychromatic laser guide star (PLGS) adaptive optics. We find that of all the mesospheric metals, Na is the most suitable for both monochromatic laser guide stars and PLGSs, providing about six times more return flux than the best transitions in Fe. For high-altitude observatories, excitation at 330 nm in Na should give the highest PLGS performance. Atomic O, N, and N+ have strong transitions and very high abundances in the mesosphere. This makes them potential candidates for the generation of intense laser guide stars by amplified spontaneous emission, if a suitable excitation process can be demonstrated. Direct excitation by CW lasers is impractical, as all transitions from the ground state are beyond the atmospheric cutoff. Nevertheless, it may be possible using high-power pulsed lasers. (C) 2021 Optical Society of America
Funding OrganizationYunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative
DOI10.1364/JOSAB.427298
WOS KeywordALGORITHM THEORETICAL BASIS ; MESOSPHERIC SODIUM ; LOWER THERMOSPHERE ; LASER ; PROBABILITIES ; TEMPERATURE ; PERFORMANCE ; EXCITATION ; SILICON ; MIDDLE
Language英语
Funding ProjectYunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada[RGPIN-2019-04369] ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative[2017VMA0013]
Funding OrganizationYunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Yunnan Provincial Department of Education ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Natural Sciences and Engineering Research Council of Canada ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative ; Chinese Academy of Sciences, CAS President's International Fellowship Initiative
WOS Research AreaOptics
WOS SubjectOptics
WOS IDWOS:000679997400012
PublisherOPTICAL SOC AMER
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/76214
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorHickson, Paul
Affiliation1.Yunnan Univ, Sch Phys & Astron, East Outer Ring Rd, Kunming 650500, Yunnan, Peoples R China
2.Univ British Columbia, Dept Phys & Astron, 6224 Agr Rd, Vancouver, BC V6T 1Z1, Canada
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, A20 Datun Rd, Beijing, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Yang, Rui,Hellemeier, Joschua,Hickson, Paul. Atomic transitions for adaptive optics[J]. JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS,2021,38(8):2239-2251.
APA Yang, Rui,Hellemeier, Joschua,&Hickson, Paul.(2021).Atomic transitions for adaptive optics.JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS,38(8),2239-2251.
MLA Yang, Rui,et al."Atomic transitions for adaptive optics".JOURNAL OF THE OPTICAL SOCIETY OF AMERICA B-OPTICAL PHYSICS 38.8(2021):2239-2251.
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