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Analysis of Seismic Deformation from Global Three-Decade GNSS Displacements: Implications for a Three-Dimensional Earth GNSS Velocity Field
Ren, Yingying1; Lian, Lizhen2; Wang, Jiexian1
2021-09-01
Source PublicationREMOTE SENSING
Volume13Issue:17Pages:25
AbstractWith the rapid development of Global Navigation Satellite System (GNSS) technology, the long-term accumulated GNSS observations of global reference stations have provided valuable data for geodesy and geodynamics studies since the 1990s. Acquiring the precise velocity of GNSS stations is very important for the study of global plate movement, crustal deformation, etc. However, the seismic activities nearby some GNSS observation stations may seriously change the station's motion trajectory. Therefore, our research was motivated to propose a method allowing for station seismic deformation, and apply it to construct an updated global GNSS velocity field. The main contributions of this work included the following. Firstly, we improved the GNSS data processing procedures and seismic data selection strategies to obtain GNSS coordinate time series with mm-level precision (3-5 and 6-8 mm in the horizontal and vertical, respectively) and information of each site impacted by seismic events, which provides necessary input data for further analysis. Secondly, an Integrated Time Series Method (ITSM) concerning the effect of seismic deformation was proposed to model the station's nonlinear motion accurately. Distinguished with existing studies, all parameters including seismic relaxation time can be simultaneously estimated by ITSM, which improves the accuracy and reliability of GNSS station velocity significantly. Thirdly, to optimize the ITSM-based model, the influences of seismic relaxation time (a. 0.1 x true, b. 10 x true, c. true), parameterization mode (a. Offset + Velocity, b. Offset + Velocity + PSD, c. Offset + Velocity + PSD + Period), and the Post-Seismic Deformation (PSD) model (a. None, b. Exp, c. Log, d. Exp + Log) on results of GNSS time series analyzing were discussed. The results showed that the fitting accuracy of GNSS displacements was better than 5 mm and 10 mm in the horizontal and vertical, respectively. Finally, the global GNSS station velocity field (referred to as GGV2020 hereafter) was refined by ITSM using global GNSS observations and seismic data during 1990-2020. This not only helps interpret plate tectonic motion, establish and maintain a Dynamic Terrestrial Reference Frame (DTRF) but also contributes to better investigating geodynamic processes. GGV2020 results showed that the accuracy of global velocity was better than 1 mm/a, and the averages of Root Mean Square Error (RMSE) were 0.19 mm/a, 0.19 mm/a, and 0.33 mm/a in the north, east, and up direction, respectively. Besides, the RMSE obeys normal distribution. Compared with ITRF2014, there was a difference of about 1-2 mm/a between them due to differences in terms of observation span, processing model, and geodetic technology. Moreover, GGV2020 is expected to enrich and update the existing velocity field products to describe the characteristics of regional crustal movement in more detail, especially in Antarctica.
KeywordGNSS coordinate series seismic deformation ITSM GGV2020
Funding OrganizationYouth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China
DOI10.3390/rs13173369
WOS KeywordNONLINEAR MINIMIZATION SUBJECT ; CALIFORNIA ; ALGORITHM ; ITRF2014
Language英语
Funding ProjectYouth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China[11903065]
Funding OrganizationYouth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Youth Science Fund Project of National Natural Science Foundation of China
WOS Research AreaEnvironmental Sciences & Ecology ; Geology ; Remote Sensing ; Imaging Science & Photographic Technology
WOS SubjectEnvironmental Sciences ; Geosciences, Multidisciplinary ; Remote Sensing ; Imaging Science & Photographic Technology
WOS IDWOS:000694542500001
PublisherMDPI
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/75584
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorLian, Lizhen
Affiliation1.Tongji Univ, Coll Surveying & Geoinformat, Shanghai 200092, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Ren, Yingying,Lian, Lizhen,Wang, Jiexian. Analysis of Seismic Deformation from Global Three-Decade GNSS Displacements: Implications for a Three-Dimensional Earth GNSS Velocity Field[J]. REMOTE SENSING,2021,13(17):25.
APA Ren, Yingying,Lian, Lizhen,&Wang, Jiexian.(2021).Analysis of Seismic Deformation from Global Three-Decade GNSS Displacements: Implications for a Three-Dimensional Earth GNSS Velocity Field.REMOTE SENSING,13(17),25.
MLA Ren, Yingying,et al."Analysis of Seismic Deformation from Global Three-Decade GNSS Displacements: Implications for a Three-Dimensional Earth GNSS Velocity Field".REMOTE SENSING 13.17(2021):25.
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