NAOC Open IR
An ALMA study of outflow parameters of protoclusters: outflow feedback to maintain the turbulence
Baug, T.1,2; Wang, Ke1; Liu, Tie3; Wu, Yue-Fang4; Li, Di5,6,7; Zhang, Qizhou8; Tang, Mengyao9; Goldsmith, Paul F.10; Liu, Hong-Li11; Tej, Anandmayee12; Bronfman, Leonardo13; Kim, Kee-Tae14,15; Li, Shanghuo14; Lee, Chang Won14,15; Tatematsu, Ken'ichi16; Hirota, Tomoya16; Toth, L. Viktor17
2021-11-01
Source PublicationMONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
ISSN0035-8711
Volume507Issue:3Pages:4316-4334
AbstractWith the aim of understanding the role of outflows in star formation, we performed a statistical study of the physical parameters of outflows in 11 massive protoclusters associated with ultracompact H II regions. A total of 106 outflow lobes are identified in these protoclusters using the ALMA CO (3-2), HCN (4-3), and Har (4-3) line observations. Although the position angles of outflow lobes do not differ in these three tracers, HCN and HCO+ tend to detect lower terminal velocity of the identified outflows compared to CO. The majority of the outflows in our targets are young with typical dynamical time-scales of 10(2)-10(4) yr, and are mostly composed of low-mass outflows along with at least one high-mass outflow in each target. An anticorrelation of outflow rate with dynamical time-scale indicates that the outflow rate possibly decreases with time. Also, a rising trend of dynamical time-scale with the mass of the associated core hints that the massive cores might have longer accretion histories than the low-mass cores. Estimation of different energies in these protoclusters shows that outflows studied here cannot account for the generation of the observed turbulence, but can sustain the turbulence at the current epoch as the energy injection rate from the outflows is similar to the estimated dissipation rate.
Keywordstars: formation ISM: clouds ISM: jets and outflows radio lines: ISM
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; CONICYT project Basal ; CONICYT project Basal ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; CONICYT project Basal ; CONICYT project Basal ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; CONICYT project Basal ; CONICYT project Basal ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; CONICYT project Basal ; CONICYT project Basal ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology
DOI10.1093/mnras/stab1902
WOS KeywordMASS STAR-FORMATION ; MOLECULAR OUTFLOWS ; CO OUTFLOWS ; DRIVEN TURBULENCE ; YOUNG STARS ; ACCRETION ; CLOUDS ; ORION ; EVOLUTION ; SAMPLE
Language英语
Funding ProjectNational Key Research and Development Program of China[2017YFA0402702] ; National Key Research and Development Program of China[2019YFA0405100] ; National Science Foundation of China[11988101] ; National Science Foundation of China[11721303] ; National Science Foundation of China[11973013] ; National Science Foundation of China[U1631102] ; National Science Foundation of China[11373010] ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University[7101502016] ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation[2018M631241] ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences[114231KYSB20200009] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC[12073061] ; Shanghai Pujiang Program[20PJ1415500] ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration[80NM0018D0004] ; CONICYT project Basal[AFB-170002] ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology[NRF-2019R1A2C1010851]
Funding OrganizationNational Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; CONICYT project Basal ; CONICYT project Basal ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; CONICYT project Basal ; CONICYT project Basal ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; CONICYT project Basal ; CONICYT project Basal ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Key Research and Development Program of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; National Science Foundation of China ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; Kavli Institute for Astronomy and Astrophysics, Peking University ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; China Postdoctoral Science Foundation ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; PKU-Tokyo Partner fund ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; S. N. Bose National Centre for Basic Sciences under the Department of Science and Technology (DST), Government of India ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; international partnership program of Chinese academy of sciences ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; National Natural Science Foundation of China (NSFC) through grant NSFC ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; Shanghai Pujiang Program ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; National Aeronautics and Space Administration ; CONICYT project Basal ; CONICYT project Basal ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology ; Basic Science Research Program through the National Research Foundation of Korea (NRF) - Ministry of Education, Science and Technology
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000708848000080
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/74939
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorBaug, T.; Wang, Ke
Affiliation1.Peking Univ, Kavli Inst Astron & Astrophys, 5 Yiheyuan Rd, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
2.SN Bose Natl Ctr Basic Sci, Block JD,Sect 3, Kolkata 700106, India
3.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, 80 Nandan Rd, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
4.Peking Univ, Dept Astron, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, CAS Key Lab FAST, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
6.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
7.Univ KwaZulu Natal, NAOC UKZN Computat Astrophys Ctr, ZA-4000 Durban, South Africa
8.Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
9.Chuxiong Normal Univ, Sch Phys & Elect Sci, Chuxiong 675000, Peoples R China
10.CALTECH, Jet Prop Lab, 4800 Oak Grove Dr, Pasadena, CA 91109 USA
11.Univ Concepcion, Dept Astron, Av Esteban Iturra S-N,Dist Univ 160-C, Concepcion, Chile
12.Indian Inst Space Sci & Technol, Thiruvananthapuram 695547, Kerala, India
13.Univ Chile, Dept Astron, Casilla 36-D, Santiago, Chile
14.Korea Astron & Space Sci Inst, 776 Daedeokdae Ro, Daejeon 34055, South Korea
15.Univ Sci & Technol Korea UST, 217 Gajeong Ro, Daejeon 34113, South Korea
16.Natl Inst Nat Sci, Natl Astron Observ Japan, 2-21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 1818588, Japan
17.Eovos Lorand Univ, Dept Astron, Pazmany Peter Setany 1-A, H-1117 Budapest, Hungary
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Baug, T.,Wang, Ke,Liu, Tie,et al. An ALMA study of outflow parameters of protoclusters: outflow feedback to maintain the turbulence[J]. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,2021,507(3):4316-4334.
APA Baug, T..,Wang, Ke.,Liu, Tie.,Wu, Yue-Fang.,Li, Di.,...&Toth, L. Viktor.(2021).An ALMA study of outflow parameters of protoclusters: outflow feedback to maintain the turbulence.MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,507(3),4316-4334.
MLA Baug, T.,et al."An ALMA study of outflow parameters of protoclusters: outflow feedback to maintain the turbulence".MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 507.3(2021):4316-4334.
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