Imaging and Spectral Study on the Null Point of a Fan-spine Structure During a Solar Flare
Yang,Shuhong1,2; Zhang,Qingmin1,3; Xu,Zhi4; Zhang,Jun1,5; Zhong,Ze6,7; Guo,Yang6
Source PublicationThe Astrophysical Journal
AbstractAbstract Using the multi-instrument observations, we make the first simultaneous imaging and spectral study on the null point of a fan-spine magnetic topology during a solar flare. When magnetic reconnection occurs at the null point, the fan-spine configuration brightens in the (extreme-)ultraviolet channels. In the Hα images, the fan-spine structure is partly filled and outlined by the bidirectional material flows ejected from the reconnection site. The extrapolated coronal magnetic field confirms the existence of the fan-spine topology. Before and after the flare peak, the total velocity of the outflows is estimated to be about 60 km s?1. During the flare, the Si?iv line profile at the reconnection region is enhanced both in the blue-wing and red-wing. At the flare peak time, the total velocity of the outflows is found to be 144 km s?1. Superposed on the Si?iv profile, there are several deep absorption lines with the blueshift of several tens of km s?1. The reason is inferred to be that the bright reconnection region observed in Si?iv channel is located under the cooler material appearing as dark features in the Hα line. The blueshifted absorption lines indicate the movement of the cooler material toward the observer. The depth of the absorption lines also depends on the amount of cooler material. These results imply that these kinds of spectral profiles can be used as a tool to diagnose the properties of cooler material above the reconnection site.
KeywordSolar magnetic reconnection Solar activity Solar flares Solar ultraviolet emission Solar magnetic fields Solar chromosphere Solar photosphere Solar active regions Solar corona Solar filaments Solar flare spectra
WOS IDIOP:0004-637X-898-2-ab9ac7
PublisherThe American Astronomical Society
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.CAS Key Laboratory of Solar Activity, National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100101, People’s Republic of China
2.School of Astronomy and Space Science, University of Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100049, People’s Republic of China
3.Key Laboratory of Dark Matter and Space Astronomy, Purple Mountain Observatory, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Nanjing 210033, People’s Republic of China
4.Fuxian Solar Observatory, Yunnan Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011, People’s Republic of China
5.School of Physics and Materials Science, Anhui University, Hefei 230601, People’s Republic of China
6.School of Astronomy and Space Science and Key Laboratory of Modern Astronomy and Astrophysics in Ministry of Education, Nanjing University, Nanjing 210023, People’s Republic of China
7.Max Planck Institute for Solar System Research, Justus-von-Liebig-Weg 3, D-37077 G?ttingen, Germany
First Author AffilicationNational Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
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GB/T 7714
Yang,Shuhong,Zhang,Qingmin,Xu,Zhi,et al. Imaging and Spectral Study on the Null Point of a Fan-spine Structure During a Solar Flare[J]. The Astrophysical Journal,2020,898(2).
APA Yang,Shuhong,Zhang,Qingmin,Xu,Zhi,Zhang,Jun,Zhong,Ze,&Guo,Yang.(2020).Imaging and Spectral Study on the Null Point of a Fan-spine Structure During a Solar Flare.The Astrophysical Journal,898(2).
MLA Yang,Shuhong,et al."Imaging and Spectral Study on the Null Point of a Fan-spine Structure During a Solar Flare".The Astrophysical Journal 898.2(2020).
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