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The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST)
Cui, Xiang-Qun1; Zhao, Yong-Heng2; Chu, Yao-Quan3; Li, Guo-Ping1; Li, Qi2; Zhang, Li-Ping1; Su, Hong-Jun2; Yao, Zheng-Qiu1; Wang, Ya-Nan1; Xing, Xiao-Zheng3; Li, Xin-Nan1; Zhu, Yong-Tian1; Wang, Gang2; Gu, Bo-Zhong1; Luo, A-Li2; Xu, Xin-Qi1; Zhang, Zhen-Chao1; Liu, Gen-Rong1; Zhang, Hao-Tong2; Yang, De-Hua1; Cao, Shu-Yun2; Chen, Hai-Yuan1; Chen, Jian-Jun2; Chen, Kun-Xin1; Chen, Ying2; Chu, Jia-Ru3; Feng, Lei2; Gong, Xue-Fei1; Hou, Yong-Hui1; Hu, Hong-Zhuan3; Hu, Ning-Sheng1; Hu, Zhong-Wen1; Jia, Lei2; Jiang, Fang-Hua1; Jiang, Xiang1; Jiang, Zi-Bo1; Jin, Ge3; Li, Ai-Hua1; Li, Yan4; Li, Ye-Ping1; Liu, Guan-Qun1; Liu, Zhi-Gang3,4; Lu, Wen-Zhi1; Mao, Yin-Dun4; Men, Li2; Qi, Yong-Jun1; Qi, Zhao-Xiang; Shi, Huo-Ming2; Tang, Zheng-Hong4; Tao, Qing-Sheng1; Wang, Da-Qi2; Wang, Dan2; Wang, Guo-Min1; Wang, Hai1; Wang, Jia-Ning1; Wang, Jian3; Wang, Jian-Ling2; Wang, Jian-Ping3; Wang, Lei1; Wang, Shu-Qing2; Wang, You1; Wang, Yue-Fei1; Xu, Ling-Zhe1; Xu, Yan2; Yang, Shi-Hai1; Yu, Yong4; Yuan, Hui2; Yuan, Xiang-Yan1; Zhai, Chao3; Zhang, Jing5; Zhang, Yan-Xia2; Zhang, Yong1; Zhao, Ming4; Zhou, Fang1; Zhou, Guo-Hua1; Zhu, Jie1; Zou, Si-Cheng2
AbstractThe Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST, also called the Guo Shou Jing Telescope) is a special reflecting Schmidt telescope. LAMOST's special design allows both a large aperture (effective aperture of 3.6 m-4.9 m) and a wide field of view (FOV) (5 degrees). It has an innovative active reflecting Schmidt configuration which continuously changes the mirror's surface that adjusts during the observation process and combines thin deformable mirror active optics with segmented active optics. Its primary mirror (6.67 m x 6.05 m) and active Schmidt mirror (5.74 m x 4.40 m) are both segmented, and composed of 37 and 24 hexagonal sub-mirrors respectively. By using a parallel controllable fiber positioning technique, the focal surface of 1.75 m in diameter can accommodate 4000 optical fibers. Also, LAMOST has 16 spectrographs with 32 CCD cameras. LAMOST will be the telescope with the highest rate of spectral acquisition. As a national large scientific project, the LAMOST project was formally proposed in 1996, and approved by the Chinese government in 1997. The construction started in 2001, was completed in 2008 and passed the official acceptance in June 2009. The LAMOST pilot survey was started in October 2011 and the spectroscopic survey will launch in September 2012. Up to now, LAMOST has released more than 480 000 spectra of objects. LAMOST will make an important contribution to the study of the large-scale structure of the Universe, structure and evolution of the Galaxy, and cross-identification of multi-waveband properties in celestial objects.
KeywordTechniques: Wide Field Telescope Active Optics Multi Fiber Spectroscopy Survey Data Reduction
Indexed BySCI
WOS IDWOS:000309021900003
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Document Type期刊论文
Affiliation1.Chinese Acad Sci, Nanjing Inst Astron Opt & Technol, Natl Astron Observ, Nanjing 210042, Jiangsu, Peoples R China
2.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
3.Univ Sci & Technol China, Hefei 230026, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
5.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst Architecture Design & Res, Beijing 100190, Peoples R China
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Cui, Xiang-Qun,Zhao, Yong-Heng,Chu, Yao-Quan,et al. The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST)[J]. RESEARCH IN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS,2012,12(9):1197-1242.
APA Cui, Xiang-Qun.,Zhao, Yong-Heng.,Chu, Yao-Quan.,Li, Guo-Ping.,Li, Qi.,...&Zou, Si-Cheng.(2012).The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST).RESEARCH IN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS,12(9),1197-1242.
MLA Cui, Xiang-Qun,et al."The Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope (LAMOST)".RESEARCH IN ASTRONOMY AND ASTROPHYSICS 12.9(2012):1197-1242.
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