Orbit determination for Chang'E-2 lunar probe and evaluation of lunar gravity models
Li PeiJia1; Hu XiaoGong1; Huang Yong1; Wang GuangLi1; Jiang DongRong1; Zhang XiuZhong1; Cao JianFeng1; Xin Nan1
AbstractThe Unified S-Band (USB) ranging/Doppler system and the Very Long Baseline Interferometry (VLBI) system as the ground tracking system jointly supported the lunar orbit capture of both Chang'E-2 (CE-2) and Chang'E-1 (CE-1) missions. The tracking system is also responsible for providing precise orbits for scientific data processing. New VLBI equipment and data processing strategies have been proposed based on CE-1 experiences and implemented for CE-2. In this work the role VLBI tracking data played was reassessed through precision orbit determination (POD) experiments for CE-2. Significant improvement in terms of both VLBI delay and delay rate data accuracy was achieved with the noise level of X-band band-width synthesis delay data reaching 0.2-0.3 ns. Short-arc orbit determination experiments showed that the combination of only 15 min's range and VLBI data was able to improve the accuracy of 3 h's orbit using range data only by a 1-1.5 order of magnitude, confirming a similar conclusion for CE-1. Moreover, because of the accuracy improvement, VLBI data was able to contribute to CE-2's long-arc POD especially in the along-track and orbital normal directions. Orbital accuracy was assessed through the orbital overlapping analysis (2 h arc overlapping for 18 h POD arc). Compared with about 100 m position error of CE-1's 200 km. 200 km lunar orbit, for CE-2's 100 km. 100 km lunar orbit, the position errors were better than 31 and 6 m in the radial direction, and for CE-2's 15 km. 100 km orbit, the position errors were better than 45 and 12 m in the radial direction. In addition, in trying to analyze the Delta Differential One-Way Ranging (Delta DOR) experiments data we concluded that the accuracy of. DOR delay was dramatically improved with the noise level better than 0.1 ns and systematic errors better calibrated, and the Short-arc POD tests with Delta DOR data showed excellent results. Although unable to support the development of an independent lunar gravity model, the tracking data of CE-2 provided evaluations of different lunar gravity models through POD. It is found that for the 100 km. 100 km lunar orbit, with a degree and order expansion up to 165, JPL's gravity model LP165P did not show noticeable improvement over Japan's SGM series models (100x100), but for the 15 kmx100 km lunar orbit, a higher degree-order model can significantly improve the orbit accuracy.
KeywordPROSPECTOR FIELD MOON Chang'E-2 VLBI orbit determination lunar gravity field
Funding Project[National Natural Science Foundation of China] ; [Science and Technology Commission of Shanghai] ; [National High Technology Research and Development Program of China] ; [Beijing Aerospace Control and Command Center] ; [Beijing Aerospace Control Center]
Document Type期刊论文
3.Beijing Aerosp Control & Command Ctr, Beijing 100094, Peoples R China
First Author AffilicationNational Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Li PeiJia,Hu XiaoGong,Huang Yong,et al. Orbit determination for Chang'E-2 lunar probe and evaluation of lunar gravity models[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY,2012,55(3):514.
APA Li PeiJia.,Hu XiaoGong.,Huang Yong.,Wang GuangLi.,Jiang DongRong.,...&Xin Nan.(2012).Orbit determination for Chang'E-2 lunar probe and evaluation of lunar gravity models.SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY,55(3),514.
MLA Li PeiJia,et al."Orbit determination for Chang'E-2 lunar probe and evaluation of lunar gravity models".SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY 55.3(2012):514.
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