Chromospheric Activity of Periodic Variable Stars Based on the LAMOST Low- and Medium-resolution Spectral Survey
Long,Liu1,2; Zhang,Li-yun2,3; Bi,Shao-Lan1; Shi,Jianrong4; Lu,Hong-Peng2; Han,Xianming L.2,5; Wang,Haifeng6; Prabhakar,Misra7
Source PublicationThe Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series
AbstractAbstract We present a catalog of 75,867 periodic variable stars from data release 7 of the Large Sky Area Multi-Object Fiber Spectroscopic Telescope. We calculated the chromospheric activity index, equivalent widths for 201,349 spectra, and excess fractional luminosity ( R H α ′ ) for 130,796 spectra. Based on the intensity of the Hα line, we detected 30,719 F-, G-, and K-type variable stars with Hα fill-in or emission and 2521 M-type variable stars exhibiting Hα emission. Furthermore, 14,938 out of 30,573 periodic variable stars showed Hα variability. Analysis of samples with different spectral types confirmed that the activity fraction of stars with later spectral type clearly decreases as the absolute Galactic height increases away from the Galactic plane. The results also show that at the same absolute Galactic height, the activity fractions in eclipsing binaries are higher than those in single stars. In this study, we present the activity–rotation relations for F-, G-, K-, and M-type variable stars. The results of analysis show that rapid rotators keep a saturated value, and the absolute value of the power-law index exhibits an increasing trend from F- to K-type stars in the unsaturated regime. Moreover, we confirm that the angular momentum and magnetic momentum are positively correlated, which indicates that the α–ω dynamo may be working. In addition, we confirmed the correlations among the Hα, Hβ, Hγ, Hδ, Ca ii H&K, and Ca ii infrared triplet lines.
KeywordStellar activity Stellar chromospheres Stellar rotation
WOS IDIOP:0067-0049-253-2-abe30b
PublisherThe American Astronomical Society
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Document Type期刊论文
Corresponding AuthorZhang,Li-yun
Affiliation1.Department of Astronomy, Beijing Normal University, Beijing, 100875, People’s Republic of China
2.College of Physics, Guizhou University, Guiyang 550025, People’s Republic of China;
3.Key Laboratory for the Structure and Evolution of Celestial Objects, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Kunming 650011, People’s Republic of China
4.National Astronomical Observatories, Chinese Academy of Sciences, Beijing 100012, People’s Republic of China
5.Dept. of Physics and Astronomy and SARA, Butler University, Indianapolis, IN 46208, USA
6.South-Western Institute for Astronomy Research, Yunnan University, Kunming, 650500, People’s Republic of China
7.Department of Physics & Astronomy, Howard University, Washington, DC 20059, USA
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Long,Liu,Zhang,Li-yun,Bi,Shao-Lan,et al. Chromospheric Activity of Periodic Variable Stars Based on the LAMOST Low- and Medium-resolution Spectral Survey[J]. The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series,2021,253(2).
APA Long,Liu.,Zhang,Li-yun.,Bi,Shao-Lan.,Shi,Jianrong.,Lu,Hong-Peng.,...&Prabhakar,Misra.(2021).Chromospheric Activity of Periodic Variable Stars Based on the LAMOST Low- and Medium-resolution Spectral Survey.The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series,253(2).
MLA Long,Liu,et al."Chromospheric Activity of Periodic Variable Stars Based on the LAMOST Low- and Medium-resolution Spectral Survey".The Astrophysical Journal Supplement Series 253.2(2021).
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