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Probing black hole accretion tracks, scaling relations, and radiative efficiencies from stacked X-ray active galactic nuclei
Shankar, Francesco1; Weinberg, David H.2,3; Marsden, Christopher1; Grylls, Philip J.1; Bernardi, Mariangela4; Yang, Guang5; Moster, Benjamin6; Fu, Hao1; Carraro, Rosamaria7; Alexander, David M.8; Allevato, Viola9; Ananna, Tonima T.10; Bongiorno, Angela11; Calderone, Giorgio12; Civano, Francesca13; Daddi, Emanuele14; Delvecchio, Ivan14,15; Duras, Federica16; La Franca, Fabio16; Lapi, Andrea17; Lu, Youjun18; Menci, Nicola11; Mezcua, Mar19; Ricci, Federica20,21; Rodighiero, Giulia22; Sheth, Ravi K.4; Suh, Hyewon23; Villforth, Carolin24; Zanisi, Lorenzo1
2020-03-01
Source PublicationMONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY
ISSN0035-8711
Volume493Issue:1Pages:1500-1511
AbstractThe masses of supermassive black holes at the centres of local galaxies appear to be tightly correlated with the mass and velocity dispersions of their galactic hosts. However, the local M-bh-M-star relation inferred from dynamically measured inactive black holes is up to an order-of-magnitude higher than some estimates from active black holes, and recent work suggests that this discrepancy arises from selection bias on the sample of dynamical black hole mass measurements. In this work, we combine X-ray measurements of the mean black hole accretion luminosity as a function of stellar mass and redshift with empirical models of galaxy stellar mass growth, integrating over time to predict the evolving M-bh-M-star relation. The implied relation is nearly independent of redshift, indicating that stellar and black hole masses grow, on average, at similar rates. Matching the de-biased local M-bh-M-star relation requires a mean radiative efficiency epsilon greater than or similar to 0.15, in line with theoretical expectations for accretion on to spinning black holes. However, matching the 'raw' observed relation for inactive black holes requires epsilon similar to 0.02, far below theoretical expectations. This result provides independent evidence for selection bias in dynamically estimated black hole masses, a conclusion that is robust to uncertainties in bolometric corrections, obscured active black hole fractions, and kinetic accretion efficiency. For our fiducial assumptions, they favour moderate-to-rapid spins of typical supermassive black holes, to achieve epsilon similar to 0.12-0.20. Our approach has similarities to the classic Soltan analysis, but by using galaxy-based data instead of integrated quantities we are able to focus on regimes where observational uncertainties are minimized.
Keywordblack hole physics galaxies: fundamental parameters galaxies: nuclei quasars: supermassive black holes galaxies: star formation
Funding OrganizationLeverhulme Trust ; Leverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT PIA ; CONICYT PIA ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; European Union ; European Union ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust ; Leverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT PIA ; CONICYT PIA ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; European Union ; European Union ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust ; Leverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT PIA ; CONICYT PIA ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; European Union ; European Union ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust ; Leverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT PIA ; CONICYT PIA ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; European Union ; European Union ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship
DOI10.1093/mnras/stz1522
WOS KeywordDUTY CYCLES ; FUNDAMENTAL RELATION ; POPULATION SYNTHESIS ; ELLIPTIC GALAXIES ; EDDINGTON RATIOS ; SELECTION BIAS ; MASS ; LUMINOSITY ; EVOLUTION ; STELLAR
Language英语
Funding ProjectLeverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional[21161487] ; CONICYT PIA[ACT172033] ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC)[ST/L00075X/1] ; European Union[788679] ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship[2017-BP-00114]
Funding OrganizationLeverhulme Trust ; Leverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT PIA ; CONICYT PIA ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; European Union ; European Union ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust ; Leverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT PIA ; CONICYT PIA ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; European Union ; European Union ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust ; Leverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT PIA ; CONICYT PIA ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; European Union ; European Union ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Leverhulme Trust ; Leverhulme Trust ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT Doctorado Nacional ; CONICYT PIA ; CONICYT PIA ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; Science and Technology Facilities Council (STFC) ; European Union ; European Union ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship ; Beatriu de Pinos fellowship
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000518156100112
PublisherOXFORD UNIV PRESS
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/56268
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorShankar, Francesco
Affiliation1.Univ Southampton, Dept Phys & Astron, HighField SO17 1BJ, England
2.Ohio State Univ, Dept Astron, 140 West 18th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
3.Ohio State Univ, Ctr Cosmol & Astropartkle Phys, 140 West 18th Ave, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
4.Univ Penn, Dept Phys & Astron, 209 South 33rd Str, Philadelphia, PA 19104 USA
5.Texas A&M Univ, Dept Phys & Astron, College Stn, TX 77843 USA
6.Ludwig Maximilian Univ Munchen, Univ Stemwarte, Scheinerstr 1, D-81679 Munich, Germany
7.Univ Valparaiso, Inst Fis & Astron, Gran Bretaa 1111, Valparaiso, Chile
8.Univ Durham, Ctr Extragalact Astron, Dept Phys, South Rd, Durham DH1 3LE, England
9.Scuola Nonnale Super, Piazza Cavalieri 7, I-56126 Pisa, Italy
10.Yale Univ, Dept Phys, POB 201820, New Haven, CT 06520 USA
11.INAF Osservatorio Astron Roma, Via Frascati 33, I-00078 Motueporzio Catone, Italy
12.INAF Osservatorio Astron Trieste, Via Tiepolo 11, I-34131 Trieste, Italy
13.Harvard Smithsonian Ctr Astrophys, 60 Garden St, Cambridge, MA 02138 USA
14.Univ Paris Diderot, Univ Paris Saclayy, CEA, IRFU,DAp,AIM,Sorbonne Paris Cite, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France
15.INAF Osservatorio Astron Brera, Via Brera 28, I-20121 Milan, Italy
16.Univ Roma Tre, Dipartimento Matemat & Fis, Via Vasca Navale 84, I-00146 Rome, Italy
17.SISSA, Via Bonomea 265, I-34136 Trieste, Italy
18.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100101, Peoples R China
19.CSIC, Inst Space Sci, ICE, Campus UAB,Carrer Magrans, E-08193 Barcelona, Spain
20.Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Fac Fis, Inst Astrofis, Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile
21.Pontificia Univ Catolica Chile, Fac Fis, Ctr Astroingn, Casilla 306, Santiago 22, Chile
22.Univ Padua, Phys & Astron Dept, Vicolo Osservatorio 3, I-35122 Padua, Italy
23.Natl Astron Observ Japan, Subaru Telescope, 650 North Aohoku Pl, Hilo, HI 96720 USA
24.Univ Bath, Dept Phys, Bath BA2 7AY, Avon, England
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Shankar, Francesco,Weinberg, David H.,Marsden, Christopher,et al. Probing black hole accretion tracks, scaling relations, and radiative efficiencies from stacked X-ray active galactic nuclei[J]. MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,2020,493(1):1500-1511.
APA Shankar, Francesco.,Weinberg, David H..,Marsden, Christopher.,Grylls, Philip J..,Bernardi, Mariangela.,...&Zanisi, Lorenzo.(2020).Probing black hole accretion tracks, scaling relations, and radiative efficiencies from stacked X-ray active galactic nuclei.MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY,493(1),1500-1511.
MLA Shankar, Francesco,et al."Probing black hole accretion tracks, scaling relations, and radiative efficiencies from stacked X-ray active galactic nuclei".MONTHLY NOTICES OF THE ROYAL ASTRONOMICAL SOCIETY 493.1(2020):1500-1511.
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