NAOC Open IR
Seeds of Life in Space (SOLIS): V. Methanol and acetaldehyde in the protostellar jet-driven shocks L1157-B0 and B1
Codella, C.1,2; Ceccarelli, C.1,2; Bianchi, E.2; Balucani, N.1,2,3; Podio, L.1; Caselli, P.4; Feng, S.5,6,7; Lefloch, B.2; Lopez-Sepulcre, A.2,8; Neri, R.8; Spezzano, S.4; De Simone, M.2
2020-03-02
Source PublicationASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS
ISSN0004-6361
Volume635Pages:11
AbstractContext. It is nowadays clear that a rich organic chemistry takes place in protostellar regions. However, the processes responsible for it, that is, the dominant formation routes to interstellar complex organic molecules, are still a source of debate. Two paradigms have been evoked: the formation of these molecules on interstellar dust mantles and their formation in the gas phase from simpler species previously synthesised on the dust mantles.Aims. In the past, observations of protostellar shocks have been used to set constraints on the formation route of formamide (NH2CHO), exploiting its observed spatial distribution and comparison with astrochemical model predictions. In this work, we follow the same strategy to study the case of acetaldehyde (CH3CHO).Methods. To this end, we used the data obtained with the IRAM-NOEMA interferometer in the framework of the Large Program SOLIS to image the B0 and B1 shocks along the L1157 blueshifted outflow in methanol (CH3OH) and acetaldehyde line emission.Results. We imaged six CH3OH and eight CH3CHO lines which cover upper-level energies up to similar to 30 K. Both species trace the B0 molecular cavity as well as the northern B1 portion, that is, the regions where the youngest shocks (similar to 1000 yr) occurred. The CH3OH and CH3CHO emission peaks towards the B1b clump, where we measured the following column densities and relative abundances: 1.3 x 10(16) cm(-2) and 6.5 x 10(-6) (methanol), and 7 x 10(13) cm(-2) and 3.5 x 10(-8) (acetaldehyde). We carried out a non-LTE (non-Local Thermodinamic Equilibrium) Large Velocity Gradient (LVG) analysis of the observed CH3OH line: the average kinetic temperature and density of the emitting gas are T-kin similar to 90 K and n(H2) similar to 4 x 10(5) cm(-3), respectively. The CH3OH and CH3CHO abundance ratio towards B1b is 190, varying by less than a factor three throughout the whole B0-B1 structure.Conclusions. Comparison of astrochemical model predictions with the observed methanol and acetaldehyde spatial distribution does not allow us to distinguish whether acetaldehyde is formed on the grain mantles or in the gas phase, as its gas-phase formation, which is dominated by the reaction of ethyl radical (CH3CH2) with atomic oxygen, is very fast. Observations of acetaldehyde in younger shocks, for example those of similar to 10(2) yr old, and/or of the ethyl radical, whose frequencies are not presently available, are necessary to settle the issue.
Keywordstars: formation ISM: jets and outflows ISM: molecules ISM: individual objects: L1157
Funding OrganizationPRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union
DOI10.1051/0004-6361/201936725
WOS KeywordCOMPLEX ORGANIC-MOLECULES ; SIO LINE EMISSION ; INTERSTELLAR JETS ; CHEMISTRY ; PHASE ; OUTFLOW ; REGIONS
Language英语
Funding ProjectPRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup[2015F59J3R] ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union[741002]
Funding OrganizationPRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; PRIN-INAF 2016 "The Cradle of Life - GENESIS-SKA (General Conditions in Early Planetary Systems for the rise of life with SKA)" ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; program PRIN-MIUR 2015 STARS in the CAOS - Simulation Tools for Astrochemical Reactivity and Spectroscopy in the Cyberinfrastructure for Astrochemical Organic Species (MIUR Ministero dell'Istruzione, dell'Universita della Ricerca e della Scuola Normale Sup ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union ; European Research Council (ERC) under the European Union
WOS Research AreaAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS SubjectAstronomy & Astrophysics
WOS IDWOS:000518667900001
PublisherEDP SCIENCES S A
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/54477
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorCodella, C.
Affiliation1.Osserv Astrofis Arcetri, INAF, Largo E Fermi 5, I-50125 Florence, Italy
2.Univ Grenoble Alpes, CNRS, IPAG, F-38000 Grenoble, France
3.Dipartimento Chim Biol & Biotecnol, Via Elce Sotto 8, I-06123 Perugia, Italy
4.Max Planck Inst Extraterr Phys MPE, Giessenbachstr 1, D-85748 Garching, Germany
5.Natl Astron Observ China, Datun Rd 20, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, NAOC, CAS Key Lab FAST, Chaoyang, Peoples R China
7.Natl Astron Observ Japan, 2 Chome 21-1 Osawa, Mitaka, Tokyo 1810015, Japan
8.Inst Radioastron Millimetr, 300 Rue Piscine,Domaine Univ Grenoble, F-38406 St Martin Dheres, France
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Codella, C.,Ceccarelli, C.,Bianchi, E.,et al. Seeds of Life in Space (SOLIS): V. Methanol and acetaldehyde in the protostellar jet-driven shocks L1157-B0 and B1[J]. ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,2020,635:11.
APA Codella, C..,Ceccarelli, C..,Bianchi, E..,Balucani, N..,Podio, L..,...&De Simone, M..(2020).Seeds of Life in Space (SOLIS): V. Methanol and acetaldehyde in the protostellar jet-driven shocks L1157-B0 and B1.ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS,635,11.
MLA Codella, C.,et al."Seeds of Life in Space (SOLIS): V. Methanol and acetaldehyde in the protostellar jet-driven shocks L1157-B0 and B1".ASTRONOMY & ASTROPHYSICS 635(2020):11.
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