NAOC Open IR
The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and design
Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime1,2; Batista, Rafael Alves3,4; Balagopal, Aswathi, V5; Bolmont, Julien6; Bustamante, Mauricio7,8,9,10,11; Carvalho, Washington, Jr.12; Charrier, Didier13; Cognard, Ismael14,15; Decoene, Valentin16; Denton, Peter B.7,8; De Jong, Sijbrand17,18; De Vries, Krijn D.19; Engel, Ralph20; Fang, Ke21,22,23; Finley, Chad24,25; Gabici, Stefano26; Gou, QuanBu27; Gu, JunHua28; Guepin, Claire16; Hu, HongBo27; Huang, Yan28; Kotera, Kumiko16; Le Coz, Sandra28; Lenain, Jean-Philippe6; Lu, GuoLiang29; Martineau-Huynh, Olivier6,28; Mostafa, Miguel30,31,32; Mottez, Fabrice33; Murase, Kohta30,31,32; Niess, Valentin34; Oikonomou, Foteini30,31,32,35; Pierog, Tanguy20; Qian, XiangLi36; Qin, Bo28; Ran, Duan28; Renault-Tinacci, Nicolas16; Roth, Markus20; Schroeder, Frank G.20,37; Schussler, Fabian38; Tasse, Cyril39; Timmermans, Charles17,18; Tueros, Matias40; Wu, XiangPing28,41; Zarka, Philippe42; Zech, Andreas33; Zhang, B. Theodore43,44; Zhang, JianLi28; Zhang, Yi27; Zheng, Qian27,45; Zilles, Anne16
2020
Source PublicationSCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY
ISSN1674-7348
Volume63Issue:1Pages:43
AbstractThe Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND) is a planned large-scale observatory of ultra-high-energy (UHE) cosmic particles, with energies exceeding 108 GeV. Its goal is to solve the long-standing mystery of the origin of UHE cosmic rays. To do this, GRAND will detect an unprecedented number of UHE cosmic rays and search for the undiscovered UHE neutrinos and gamma rays associated to them with unmatched sensitivity. GRAND will use large arrays of antennas to detect the radio emission coming from extensive air showers initiated by UHE particles in the atmosphere. Its design is modular: 20 separate, independent sub-arrays, each of 10000 radio antennas deployed over 10000 km(2). A staged construction plan will validate key detection techniques while achieving important science goals early. Here we present the science goals, detection strategy, preliminary design, performance goals, and construction plans for GRAND.
Keywordradio telescopes neutrinos in astronomical observations cosmic rays in astronomical observations radiowave radiation: sources galactic and extragalactic cosmic rays: galactic and extragalactic
Funding OrganizationAPACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Villum Fonden ; Villum Fonden ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Villum Fonden ; Villum Fonden ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Villum Fonden ; Villum Fonden ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Villum Fonden ; Villum Fonden ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft")
DOI10.1007/s11433-018-9385-7
WOS KeywordHIGH-ENERGY NEUTRINOS ; EXTENSIVE AIR-SHOWERS ; COSMIC-RAYS ; PAIR PRODUCTION ; SPECTRUM ; SIMULATIONS ; EMISSION ; PULSES ; BURST ; LIMIT
Language英语
Funding ProjectAPACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche[ANR-16-CE31-0001] ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[QYZDY-SSW-SLH022] ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDB23000000] ; National Key R&D Program of China[2018YFA0404601] ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)[2015/15735-1] ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP)[2017/12828-4] ; National Science Foundation[PHY-1404311] ; National Science Foundation[PHY-1714479] ; Danish National Research Foundation[DNRF91] ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond[1041811001] ; Villum Fonden[13164] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11505213] ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[11375209] ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research[FWO-12L3715N] ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences[QYZDY-SSW-SLH022] ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft")
Funding OrganizationAPACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Villum Fonden ; Villum Fonden ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Villum Fonden ; Villum Fonden ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Villum Fonden ; Villum Fonden ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; APACHE of the French Agence Nationale de la Recherche ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; France-China Particle Physics Laboratory ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; China Exchange Program from the Royal Netherlands Academy of Arts and Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Strategic Priority Research Program of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; National Key R&D Program of China ; National Key R&D Program of China ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; Sao Paulo Research Foundation (FAPESP) ; National Science Foundation ; National Science Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danish National Research Foundation ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Danmarks Grundforskningsfond ; Villum Fonden ; Villum Fonden ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Flemish Foundation for Scientific Research ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Netherlands Organisation for Scientific Research (NWO) ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Projects of Frontier Science of Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; Ministry of Science, Research and the Arts Baden-Wurttemberg ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft") ; DFG ("Deutsche Forschungsgemeinschaft")
WOS Research AreaPhysics
WOS SubjectPhysics, Multidisciplinary
WOS IDWOS:000518615800001
PublisherSCIENCE PRESS
Citation statistics
Cited Times:35[WOS]   [WOS Record]     [Related Records in WOS]
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/54348
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorBustamante, Mauricio
Affiliation1.Univ Santiago Compostela, Dept Fis Particulas, Santiago De Compostela 15782, Spain
2.Univ Santiago Compostela, Inst Galego Fis Altas Enerxias, Santiago De Compostela 15782, Spain
3.Univ Sao Paulo, Inst Astron Geofis & Ciencias Atmosfer, BR-05508090 Sao Paulo, SP, Brazil
4.Univ Oxford, DWB, Dept Phys Astrophys, Oxford OX1 3RH, England
5.KIT, Inst Expt Particle Phys ETP, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany
6.Univ Paris Diderot, Sorbonne Univ, Sorbonne Paris Cite, LPNHE,CNRS, 4 Pl Jussieu, F-75252 Paris 05, France
7.Niels Bohr Int Acad, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
8.Niels Bohr Inst, DARK, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
9.Niels Bohr Inst, Discovery Ctr, DK-2100 Copenhagen, Denmark
10.Ohio State Univ, CCAPP, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
11.Ohio State Univ, Dept Phys, Columbus, OH 43210 USA
12.Univ Santiago de Compostela, Santiago De Compostela 15782, Spain
13.Univ Nantes, CNRS, IN2P3, SUBATECH,Inst Mines Telecom Atlantique, F-44300 Nantes, France
14.Univ Orleans, CNRS, LPC2E, F-45071 Orleans, France
15.INSU, CNRS, Observ Paris, Stn Radioastron Nancay, F-18330 Nancay, France
16.Sorbonne Univ, UMR 7095, Inst Astrophys Paris, 98 Bis Bd Arago, F-75014 Paris, France
17.Radboud Univ Nijmegen, IMAPP, NL-6500 Nijmegen, Netherlands
18.NIKHEF, NL-1009 Amsterdam, Netherlands
19.Vrije Univ Brussel, IIHE ELEM, Pl Laan 2, B-1050 Brussels, Belgium
20.Karlsruhe Inst Technol KIT, Inst Nucl Phys IKP, D-76021 Karlsruhe, Germany
21.Stanford Univ, Stanford, CA 94305 USA
22.Univ Maryland, Dept Astron, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
23.Joint Space Sci Inst, College Pk, MD 20742 USA
24.Stockholm Univ, Oskar Klein Ctr, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
25.Stockholm Univ, Dept Phys, SE-10691 Stockholm, Sweden
26.Univ Paris Diderot, APC, CNRS, IN2P3,CEA,Irfu,Observ Paris,Sorbonne Paris, F-75006 Paris, France
27.Chinese Acad Sci, Inst High Energy Phys, Beijing 100049, Peoples R China
28.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ, Beijing 100012, Peoples R China
29.Xinjiang Univ, Sch Phys Sci & Technol, Urumqi 830046, Peoples R China
30.Penn State Univ, Ctr Particle & Gravitat Astrophys, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
31.Penn State Univ, Dept Phys, 104 Davey Lab, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
32.Penn State Univ, Dept Astron & Astrophys, 525 Davey Lab, University Pk, PA 16802 USA
33.PSL Res Univ, Univ Paris Diderot, Observ Paris, CNRS,LUTH, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France
34.Univ Blaise Pascal, Clermont Univ, CNRS, IN2P3,Lab Phys Corpusculaire, F-63000 Clermont Ferrand, France
35.European Southern Observ, Karl Schwarzschild Str 2, D-85748 Garching, Germany
36.Shandong Management Univ, Dept Mech & Elect Engn, Jinan 250357, Peoples R China
37.Univ Delaware, Dept Phys & Astron, Bartol Res Inst, Newark, DE 19716 USA
38.Univ Paris Saclay, CEA, IRFU, F-91191 Gif Sur Yvette, France
39.Univ Paris Diderot, CNRS, Observ Paris, GEPI, 5 Pl Jules Janssen, F-92190 Meudon, France
40.Consejo Nacl Invest Cient & Tecn, Inst Fis La Plata, Blvd 120 & 63, RA-1900 La Plata, Argentina
41.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, Shanghai 200030, Peoples R China
42.SPC, UPD, SU, LESIA,Observ Paris,CNRS,PSL, Pl J Janssen, F-92195 Meudon, France
43.Peking Univ, Sch Phys, Dept Astron, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
44.Peking Univ, Kavli Inst Astron & Astrophys, Beijing 100871, Peoples R China
45.Victoria Univ Wellington, Sch Engn & Comp Sci, Wellington 6140, New Zealand
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime,Batista, Rafael Alves,Balagopal, Aswathi, V,et al. The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and design[J]. SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY,2020,63(1):43.
APA Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime.,Batista, Rafael Alves.,Balagopal, Aswathi, V.,Bolmont, Julien.,Bustamante, Mauricio.,...&Zilles, Anne.(2020).The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and design.SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY,63(1),43.
MLA Alvarez-Muniz, Jaime,et al."The Giant Radio Array for Neutrino Detection (GRAND): Science and design".SCIENCE CHINA-PHYSICS MECHANICS & ASTRONOMY 63.1(2020):43.
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