NAOC Open IR
Fast inflows as the adjacent fuel of supermassive black hole accretion disks in quasars
Zhou, Hongyan1,2,3; Shi, Xiheng1,2; Yuan, Weimin4,5; Hao, Lei6; Chen, Xiangjun2,3; Ge, Jian7; Ji, Tuo1,2; Jiang, Peng1,2; Li, Ge2,3; Liu, Bifang4,5; Liu, Guilin2,3; Liu, Wenjuan8,9; Lu, Honglin2,3; Pan, Xiang1,2; Shen, Juntai6; Shu, Xinwen10; Sun, Luming2,3; Tian, Qiguo1,2; Wang, Huiyuan2,3; Wang, Tinggui2,3; Wu, Shengmiao1,2; Yang, Chenwei1,2; Zhang, Shaohua1,2; Zhong, Zhihao2,3
2019-09-05
Source PublicationNATURE
ISSN0028-0836
Volume573Issue:7772Pages:83-+
AbstractQuasars, which are exceptionally bright objects at the centres (or nuclei) of galaxies, are thought to be produced through the accretion of gas into disks surrounding supermassive black holes(1-3). There is observational evidence at galactic and circumnuclear scales(4) that gas flows inwards towards accretion disks around black holes, and such an inflow has been measured at the scale of the dusty torus that surrounds the central accretion disk(5). At even smaller scales, inflows close to an accretion disk have been suggested to explain the results of recent modelling of the response of gaseous broad emission lines to continuum variations(6,7). However, unambiguous observations of inflows that actually reach accretion disks have been elusive. Here we report the detection of redshifted broad absorption lines of hydrogen and helium atoms in a sample of quasars. The lines show broad ranges of Doppler velocities that extend continuously from zero to redshifts as high as about 5,000 kilometres per second. We interpret this as the inward motion of gases at velocities comparable to freefall speeds close to the black hole, constraining the fastest infalling gas to within 10,000 gravitational radii of the black hole (the gravitational radius being the gravitational constant multiplied by the object mass, divided by the speed of light squared). Extensive photoionization modelling yields a characteristic radial distance of the inflow of approximately 1,000 gravitational radii, possibly overlapping with the outer accretion disk.
Funding OrganizationAlfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; SOC programme ; SOC programme ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; SOC programme ; SOC programme ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; SOC programme ; SOC programme ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; SOC programme ; SOC programme ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
DOI10.1038/s41586-019-1510-y
WOS KeywordBROAD ABSORPTION-LINE ; PEAKED EMISSION-LINES ; ACTIVE GALAXIES ; SPECTRA ; ULTRAVIOLET ; LUMINOSITY ; RELEASE ; MASSES
Language英语
Funding ProjectAlfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China[NSFC11473025] ; SOC programme[CHINARE2017-02-03] ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences[XDPB09-02]
Funding OrganizationAlfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; SOC programme ; SOC programme ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; SOC programme ; SOC programme ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; SOC programme ; SOC programme ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; Alfred P. Sloan Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US National Science Foundation ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; US Department of Energy Office of Science ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; National Natural Science Foundation of China ; SOC programme ; SOC programme ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences ; Key Research Program of the Chinese Academy of Sciences
WOS Research AreaScience & Technology - Other Topics
WOS SubjectMultidisciplinary Sciences
WOS IDWOS:000483967700038
PublisherNATURE PUBLISHING GROUP
Citation statistics
Document Type期刊论文
Identifierhttp://ir.bao.ac.cn/handle/114a11/27687
Collection中国科学院国家天文台
Corresponding AuthorZhou, Hongyan; Yuan, Weimin; Wang, Tinggui
Affiliation1.State Ocean Adm, Polar Res Inst China, Key Lab Polar Sci, Antarctic Astron Res Div, Shanghai, Peoples R China
2.Univ Sci & Technol China, Sch Astron & Space Sci, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
3.Univ Sci & Technol China, Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Res Galaxies & Cosmol, Dept Astron, Hefei, Anhui, Peoples R China
4.Chinese Acad Sci, Natl Astron Observ China, Beijing, Peoples R China
5.Univ Chinese Acad Sci, Sch Astron & Space Sci, Beijing, Peoples R China
6.Chinese Acad Sci, Shanghai Astron Observ, Shanghai, Peoples R China
7.Univ Florida, Dept Astron, Bryant Space Sci Ctr, Gainesville, FL 32611 USA
8.Chinese Acad Sci, Yunnan Observ, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
9.Chinese Acad Sci, Key Lab Struct & Evolut Celestial Objects, Kunming, Yunnan, Peoples R China
10.Anhui Normal Univ, Dept Phys, Wuhu, Peoples R China
Recommended Citation
GB/T 7714
Zhou, Hongyan,Shi, Xiheng,Yuan, Weimin,et al. Fast inflows as the adjacent fuel of supermassive black hole accretion disks in quasars[J]. NATURE,2019,573(7772):83-+.
APA Zhou, Hongyan.,Shi, Xiheng.,Yuan, Weimin.,Hao, Lei.,Chen, Xiangjun.,...&Zhong, Zhihao.(2019).Fast inflows as the adjacent fuel of supermassive black hole accretion disks in quasars.NATURE,573(7772),83-+.
MLA Zhou, Hongyan,et al."Fast inflows as the adjacent fuel of supermassive black hole accretion disks in quasars".NATURE 573.7772(2019):83-+.
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